Knockdown Of CCDC132 Attenuates Gastric Cancer Cells Proliferation And Tumorigenesis By Facilitating DNA Damage Signaling
Authors Xu X, Cao W, Sun W, Wang Z, Chen H, Zheng Z, Yang X
Received 14 May 2019
Accepted for publication 15 October 2019
Published 12 November 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 9585—9597
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Melinda Thomas
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo
Xiaowu Xu,1 Weilang Cao,1 Wei Sun,2 Zhaohong Wang,1 Hui Chen,1 Zhiqiang Zheng,1 Xiaomin Yang3
1Department of General Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital and Children’s Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325027, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Pharmacy, The Second Affiliated Hospital and Children’s Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325027, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Pathology, Wenzhou People’s Hospital, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325000, People’s Republic of China
Correspondence: Xiaomin Yang
Department of Pathology, Wenzhou People’s Hospital, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325000, People’s Republic of China
Background: Aberrant endocytic recycling has fundamental functions on plasma membrane component turnover. Recent studies have identified an uncharacterized protein, CCDC132, in the endosome-associated recycling protein complex. Besides, our preliminary data first showed that CCDC132 was elevated in malignant neoplasms, especially in esophagus/stomach cancers. However, the functions and the underlying mechanisms of CCDC132 in gastric cancer (GC) biology remain unclear.
Methods: The CCDC132 mRNA expression in 4 GC cell lines and normal gastric epithelial cell lines was detected by qRT-PCR. Then, CCDC132 was downregulated in AGS and MGC-803 cells by lentivirus-induced RNA interfere, and cell viability assay, clone formation assay and apoptosis assay were carried out. The mechanism of CCDC132 on cell proliferation and apoptosis activation was explored using PathScan® Stress, apoptosis signaling arrays and Western blot. We further investigated the pro-oncogenesis of CCDC132 in vivo. Meanwhile, immunohistochemistry was utilized to analyze the association between CCDC132 expression and clinicopathological features and prognosis. Finally, the correlation between CCDC132 and p53 was analyzed by Spearman’s rank correlation analysis.
Results: In this study, knockdown of CCDC132 significantly decreased cell proliferation and clone formation ability and facilitated apoptosis, and increased phosphorylation of p53 and Chk2 and protein levels of γ-H2AX, 53BP1, cleaved Caspase 3 and cleaved PARP. Additionally, knockdown of CCDC132 attenuated tumorigenesis and tumor growth of MGC-803 cell xenografts. CCDC132 expression was significantly higher in GC tissues compared with that in adjacent normal tissues and was positively correlated with nodal metastasis and TNM stage and negatively associated with prognosis. The survival rate of CCDC132 positive patients was lower than that of CCDC132-negative patients. Furthermore, CCDC132 expression was negatively related to p53.
Conclusion: This study unravels that knockdown of CCDC132 attenuates GC cell proliferation and tumorigenesis by facilitating DNA damage signaling, indicating that CCDC132 may serve as a potential target for GC therapy.
Keywords: CCDC132, gastric cancer, proliferation, DNA damage, tumorigenesis
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