Irisin Protects Against Hind Limb Ischemia Reperfusion Injury
Received 2 September 2020
Accepted for publication 18 January 2021
Published 4 February 2021 Volume 2021:15 Pages 361—368
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Qiongyu Guo
Ayşegül Küçük,1,* Yücel Polat,2 Aydan Kılıçarslan,3 Nuran Süngü,3 Hakan Kartal,4 Ali Doğan Dursun,5,* Mustafa Arslan6
1Kutahya Health Sciences University, Medical Faculty, Department of Physiology, Kutahya, Turkey; 2Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey; 3Yildirim Beyazit University, Medical Faculty, Department of Pathology, Ankara, Turkey; 4Gulhane Medical Faculty, Gulhane Education and Research Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ankara, Turkey; 5Atilim University, Medical Faculty, Department of Physiology, Ankara, Turkey; 6Gazi University, Medical Faculty, Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Ankara, Turkey
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Correspondence: Mustafa Arslan
Gazi University, Medical Faculty, Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Ankara, 06510, Turkey
Tel +90 312 202 67 39
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of irisin in a murine model of hind limb ischemia reperfusion (I/R).
Methods: The mice were divided into four groups (n = 6 in each group): control, irisin, ischemia reperfusion (I/R), and irisin-ischemia reperfusion (I–I/R). Irisin (0.5 μg.g− 1, intraperitoneally [i.p.]) was administered 30 min before the I/R procedure. After 2 h of ischemia and 2.5 h of reperfusion, blood and tissue samples were taken for biochemical and histopathological analysis. The results were analyzed by Kruskal–Wallis and Mann–Whitney U-tests.
Results: There was a statistically significant difference in the total antioxidant status (TAS) and total oxidant status (TOS) levels in all the groups. The TAS level in the I/R group was significantly lower than that in the control, irisin, and I–I/R groups, whereas the TOS level was significantly higher in the I/R group as compared with that in the other groups. Caspase-3 activity and caspase-8 activity, indicators of inflammation, were significantly higher in the I/R and I–I/R groups as compared with those in the control and irisin groups.
Conclusion: Irisin may have protective effects in skeletal muscle ischemia reperfusion injury.
Keywords: irisin, ischemia reperfusion, caspase-3, caspase-8, mice
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]