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Intraperitoneal aerosolization of bupivacaine is a safe and effective method in controlling postoperative pain in laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

Authors Alkhamesi NA, Kane Jr JM, Guske PJ, Wallace JW, Rantis Jr PC

Published 13 October 2008 Volume 2008:1 Pages 9—13


Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Nawar A Alkhamesi1, James M Kane, Jr2, Paul J Guske2, Jonathan W Wallace2, Peter C Rantis, Jr2

1Department of Biosurgery and Technology, Imperial College London, UK; 2Department of Surgery, Alexian Brothers Hospital Network, Chicago, USA

Introduction: Obesity is a worldwide problem and has grown in severity in the last few decades making bariatric surgery and, in particular, laparoscopic banding and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass efficacious and cost-effective procedures. The laparoscopic approach has been shown to offer significant healthcare benefits, of particular interests are reports of decreased postoperative pain resulting in a shorter hospital stay and an earlier return to normal activity. However, many patients still experience significant pain, including shoulder tip pain, that require strong analgesia including opiates during their early recovery period. The aims of this study were to establish the safe use of the aerosolization technique in bariatric surgery and to investigate the possible benefits in reducing postoperative pain.

Methods: In this study, fifty patients undergoing laparoscopic gastric bypass were recruited and divided into two groups; control (n = 25) and therapeutic (n = 25). The control group received intraperitoneal aerosolization of 10 mL of 0.9% normal saline while the therapeutic group received 10 mL of 0.5% bupivacaine. All the patients had standard preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative care. Pain scores were carried out by the nursing staff in recovery and 6 h, 12 h and 24 h postoperatively using a standard 0–10 pain scoring scale. In addition, opiate consumption via patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) was recorded.

Results: Aerosolized bupivacaine reduced postoperative pain in comparison to normal saline (p 0.05). However, PCA usage showed no statistically significant change from the control group.

Conclusion: The aims of this study were achieved and we were able to establish the safe use of the aerosolization technique in bariatric surgery and its benefits in reducing postoperative pain.

Keywords: laparoscopy, aerosolization, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, bupivacaine, local anesthetic, intraperitoneal therapeutics

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