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Integrating promotive, preventive, and curative health care services at hospitals and health centers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Authors Wendimagegn NF, Bezuidenhout MC

Received 4 November 2018

Accepted for publication 14 February 2019

Published 5 April 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 243—255


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Video abstract presented by Netsanet Fetene Wendimagegn.

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Netsanet Fetene Wendimagegn,1 Marthie C Bezuidenhout2

1Health Management and Leadership, Yale Global Health Leadership Institute (GHLI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa

Background: The current trend in patients’ disease management is mostly aimed at addressing their present health complaints; the focus is thus purely curative. As the limits of curative medicine become apparent and the cost of medical care escalates, disease prevention is gaining prominence. Factors that contribute to unreliable delivery of an integrated health care service are worth investigation. This study explores the extent to which health promotion and disease prevention services are integrated to curative health care and identifies the factors associated with not reliably providing the services.
Methods: A cross-sectional quantitative study using an exploratory and descriptive design was used to explore and describe the extent of health promotion, preventive, and curative health care services provision, and investigated factors related to low performance. Phase I of the study examined the degree of promotive and preventive health care provision at hospitals and health centers while investigating the staffing and equipment and supply status of the facilities. Phase II, using the Delphi consensus-seeking process, focused on the validation of the findings from Phase I.
Results: Of all patients who attended health facilities, only 2.4% (n=20) received optimal health promotion services. Disease prevention services were optimally provided to only 3.6% (n=30) patients. Integrated health promotion and disease prevention services were provided to only 0.8% (n=7) patients. The main reasons for not providing an integrated health care service were shortage of skilled health staff, equipment, medication, protocols, and guidelines, and high service cost, poor patient awareness, and health professionals’ focus on curative health care.
Conclusion: Health service providers were not routinely conducting patient-specific health promotion, disease prevention, and integrated health care services, losing the opportunities of patient’s presence for health promotion and diseases prevention purposes. Addressing barriers can help with integrating health promotion and disease prevention services to the curative health care services.

Keywords: integrated health service, disease prevention, health promotion, curative care, non-communicable diseases

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