Insomnia in hospitalized psychiatric patients: prevalence and associated factors
Received 24 December 2017
Accepted for publication 28 February 2018
Published 10 April 2018 Volume 2018:14 Pages 969—975
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder
Farid Talih,1 Jean Ajaltouni,1 Hiba Ghandour,2 Ahmad Subhi Abu-Mohammad,2 Firas Kobeissy2,3
1Department of Psychiatry, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon; 2Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon; 3Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
Objectives: To quantify and describe the prevalence of insomnia in hospitalized psychiatric patients and to investigate the associations between insomnia and demographic and clinical factors in hospitalized psychiatric patients.
Methods: The participants included 203 individuals hospitalized for psychiatric treatment at an academic medical center. Demographic information, psychiatric diagnoses, current psychotropic medication use, and history of substance use were collected. Insomnia screening was performed using the Insomnia Severity Index. Depressive and anxiety symptoms were also evaluated using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder questionnaire and the Patient Health Questionnaire. Restless legs syndrome (RLS) symptoms were evaluated using the Restless Legs Syndrome Rating Scale (RLSRS). Statistical analysis was conducted to detect the prevalence of insomnia among the participants and to examine possible associations among psychiatric disorders, psychotropic medications, and RLS.
Results: Out of the 203 participants that completed the survey, 67.4% were found to have insomnia and 14.3% were found to have RLS. The severity of insomnia was found to be associated with the presence of RLS, depressive and anxious symptomatology, suicidal ideation, use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and use of benzodiazepines.
Keywords: insomnia, depression, anxiety, restless legs syndrome
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