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Inhibition of Multiple Myeloma Using 5-Aza-2ʹ-Deoxycytidine and Bortezomib-Loaded Self-Assembling Nanoparticles

Authors Che F, Chen J, Dai J, Liu X

Received 26 April 2020

Accepted for publication 30 June 2020

Published 6 August 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 6969—6976


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Sanjeev Srivastava

Feifei Che, Jiao Chen, Jingying Dai, Xingchao Liu

Organ Transplantation Center, Sichuan Academy of Medical Science and Sichuan People’s Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Xingchao Liu
Organ Transplantation Center, Sichuan Academy of Medical Science and Sichuan People’s Hospital, Xihuan 2nd Segment #32, Yihuan Street, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 28-87393999

Purpose: The aim of this study was to explore the use of self-assembling nanoparticles loaded with two chemotherapy drugs for the treatment of multiple myeloma.
Materials and Methods: Nanoparticle systems were developed based on amine polyethylene glycol-polycaprolactone (NH2-PEG-PCL) to encapsulate 5-Aza-2ʹ-deoxycytidine and Bortezomib using the self-assemble method. Morphological changes were observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and the size, drug release, long-term stability, and release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were analyzed. The MTT assay was used to evaluate the effects of drug-loaded nanoparticles (PEG-PCL-DAC-BTZ) in inhibiting the proliferation of multiple myeloma cells (U266 and LP-1), and the TUNEL assay and Western blotting were used to measure the induction of cell apoptosis.
Results: Based on the diameter of NH2-PEG-PCL and PEG-PCL-DAC-BTZ, the drug-loaded nanoparticles were successfully prepared. TEM revealed that PEG-PCL-DAC-BTZ was spherically shaped. More than 90% of the drugs were released after 72 h, and PEG-PCL-DAC-BTZ maintained a good stability. U266 and LP-1 cells treated with PEG-PCL-DAC-BTZ showed the highest growth inhibition, release of ROS, and cell apoptosis compared to those treated with unloaded nanoparticles and chemotherapy drugs alone.
Conclusion: The drug-loaded nanoparticles are a good foundation for the treatment of multiple myeloma as they showed a slow release profile, good stability, and superior anti-cancer effects in vitro.

Keywords: multiple myeloma, nanoparticle, 5-Aza-2ʹ-deoxycytidine, Bortezomib

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