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Inhibition Of Monocarboxylate Transporter 1 In Spinal Cord Horn Significantly Reverses Chronic Inflammatory Pain

Authors He J, Yu L, Wang Z, Wang Q, Cao JL, Gu L

Received 17 June 2019

Accepted for publication 19 October 2019

Published 5 November 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 2981—2990


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Katherine Hanlon

Jian-hua He,1,* Ling Yu,2,* Zhi-yong Wang,1 Qiang Wang,3 Jun-Li Cao,4 Lian-bing Gu1

1Department of Anesthesiology, Jiangsu Cancer Hospital, Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research and The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Ultrasound, Affiliated Hospital of Integrate Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Jiangsu Province Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanjing,People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Anesthesiology, Nanjing Meishan Hospital, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China; 4Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Anesthesiology, Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Lian-bing Gu
Department of Anesthesiology, Jiangsu Cancer Hospital, Jiangsu Institute of Cancer Research and The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Baiziting 42#, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210009, People’s Republic of China
Tel/fax +86 25 8328 4765

Purpose: Chronic inflammatory pain is a common condition in the clinic, and the underlying mechanism is not being completely understood. Various studies have demonstrated that central and peripheral sensitization and synaptic plasticity could play crucial functions in chronic inflammatory pain. Moreover, families of monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs) are closely related to cellular metabolism and synaptic plasticity, and it is also reported that MCTs participate in chronic inflammatory pain. Nevertheless, there is a probability of the engaging role of MCT 1 is in chronic inflammatory pain, but its specific cellular level mechanism is yet to be investigated. In our study, we hypothesized that MCT 1 in the spinal dorsal horn plays an important part in chronic inflammatory pain.
Methods: In experiment A, rats were gone through nociceptive behavioral testing at 1 d day before and 1 d, 3 d, and 7 d after completing complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA) injection. The specimens collected for detecting MCT 1 by Western blotting. In experiment B, rats were randomly divided into four groups. Intrathecal injection of MCT 1 inhibitor and nociceptive behavioral tests were performed 1 d day before and 1 d, 3 d, 7 d, 14 d, and 21 d after CFA injection. MCT 1 and p-ERK levels in spinal dorsal horn were measured by Western blotting, and GFAP in spinal dorsal horn was detected by immunofluorescence.
Results: The expression of MCT 1 in the spinal dorsal horn was increased during chronic inflammatory pain in rats. The intrathecal injection of an MCT 1 inhibitor evidently diminished the expression of MCT 1 and GFAP in the spinal dorsal horn, and the behavioral nociceptive responses were also attenuated. Meanwhile, the expression of p-ERK was also decreased by the intrathecal injection of an MCT 1 inhibitor.
Conclusion: Our results indicate that MCT 1 very likely play a critical role in regulating chronic inflammatory pain and may influence the regulation of synaptic plasticity via ERK in the spinal dorsal horn of rats.

Keywords: chronic inflammatory pain, monocarboxylate transporter 1, spinal dorsal horn, astrocyte, synaptic plasticity

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