Inhibition of Disruptor of Telomeric Silencing 1-Like Alleviated Renal Ischemia and Reperfusion Injury-Induced Fibrosis by Blocking PI3K/AKT-Mediated Oxidative Stress
Authors Yang C, Chen Z, Yu H, Liu X
Received 26 July 2019
Accepted for publication 5 December 2019
Published 27 December 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 4375—4387
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Yan Zhu
Chuan Yang,1,2 Zhiyuan Chen,1 Hua Yu,2 Xiuheng Liu1
1Department of Urology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Urology, The People’s Hospital of Hanchuan City, Hanchuan, People’s Republic of China
Correspondence: Xiuheng Liu
Department of Urology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, No. 238 Jiefang Road, Wuhan 430060, Hubei Province, People’s Republic of China
Background: Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a major cause of acute kidney injury, usually occurs during renal surgeries, and may eventually lead to chronic kidney diseases. However, effective therapeutic targets for renal I/R injury remain limited.
Purpose: In the present study, we investigated whether inhibition of disruptor of telomeric silencing 1-like (Dot1l) could alleviate renal I/R in vivo and in vitro, as well as the potential mechanisms involved in this process.
Methods: Sprague–Dawley rats were subjected to right renal ischemia for 45 mins and reperfusion for 0, 7, or 14 days with and without the Dot1l inhibitor EPZ004777. In addition, human renal proximal tubular epithelial cell line human kidney-2 cells were subjected to the hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) process (ie, 3 hrs hypoxia, 12 hrs and 24 hrs reoxygenation), with or without Dot1l inhibitor or genetic knockdown.
Results: Inhibition of Dot1l through EPZ004777 or genetic knockdown reduced the expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin, vimentin, and fibronectin in I/R- and H/R-induced injury. Moreover, H/R-induced fibrosis depended on oxidative stress in vitro. In addition, I/R- and H/R-induced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was attenuated by EPZ004777 or small interfering RNA for Dot1l. Furthermore, the elevation of ROS induced by Dot1l was regulated via phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and serine-threonine protein kinase (AKT) phosphorylation in vivo and in vitro.
Conclusion: Inhibition of Dot1l alleviated renal fibrosis by preventing the generation of ROS via the PI3K/AKT pathway. These results indicate that inhibitor of Dot1l could be a potential therapeutic target for renal I/R injury.
Keywords: disruptor of telomeric silencing 1-like, ischemia and reperfusion, oxidative stress, fibrosis
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