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Improved Interchangeability with Different Corneal Specular Microscopes for Quantitative Endothelial Cell Analysis

Authors van Rijn GA, Wijnen CJF, van Dooren BTH, Cheng YYY, Beenakker JWM, Luyten GPM

Received 23 August 2019

Accepted for publication 21 November 2019

Published 13 January 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 61—70


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Gwyneth A van Rijn, 1 C Jasper F Wijnen, 1 Bart TH van Dooren, 2, 3 Yanny YY Cheng, 1 Jan-Willem M Beenakker, 1, 4 Gregorius PM Luyten 1

1Department of Ophthalmology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Amphia Medical Hospital, Breda, The Netherlands; 4C.J.Gorter Center for High Field MRI, Department of Radiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

Correspondence: Gwyneth A van Rijn
Department of Ophthalmology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands

Introduction: During our clinical practice and research, we encountered an interchangeability problem when using the SP-2000P and SP-3000P TopCon corneal specular microscopes (CSMs) (TopCon Medical Systems, Tokyo, Japan) regarding the endothelial cell count (ECC). We describe a method to improve interchangeability between these CSMs.
Methods: Five consecutive good-quality endothelial cell photographs were obtained in 22 eyes of 11 subjects. An ECC comparison between the two CSMs was performed after (I) gauging and calibration by the manufacturer, (II) adjustment of the magnification, (III) correction after external horizontal and vertical calibration.
Results: There was a statistically significant difference between the ECC of the SP-2000P and SP-3000P at the start. The SP-2000P counted an average of 500 cells/mm 2 more than the SP-3000P (p=0.00). After correction for magnification and determining a correction factor based on external calibration, the difference between the ECC of the SP-2000P and the SP-3000P was then found to be 0.4 cells/mm 2 and was not statistically significant (p=0.98).
Discussion: We propose a method for improving interchangeability, which involves checking magnification settings, re-checking magnification calibration with external calibration devices, and then calculating correction factors. This method can be applied to various specular or confocal microscopes and their associated endothelial cell analysis software packages to be able to keep performing precise endothelial cell counts and to enable comparison of ECCs when a CSM needs to be replaced or when results from different microscopes need to be compared.

Keywords: corneal endothelium, corneal endothelial cells, specular microscopy, endothelial cell count, endothelial cell density, corneal endothelial cell analysis

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