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Importance of perforating vessels in nipple-sparing mastectomy: an anatomical description

Authors Amanti C, Vitale V, Lombardi A, Maggi S, Bersigotti L, Lazzarin G, Nuccetelli E, Romano C, Campanella L, Cristiano L, Bartoloni A, Argento G

Received 4 December 2014

Accepted for publication 20 January 2015

Published 14 July 2015 Volume 2015:7 Pages 179—181


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Pranela Rameshwar

Claudio Amanti,1 Valeria Vitale,1 Augusto Lombardi,1 Stefano Maggi,1 Laura Bersigotti,1 Gianni Lazzarin,1 Emiliano Nuccetelli,1 Camilla Romano,1 Laura Campanella,1 Lara Cristiano,2 Alessandra Bartoloni,2 Giuseppe Argento2

1Breast Surgery Unit, 2Radiology Unit, University of Roma, La Sapienza Sant'Andrea Hospital, Rome, Italy

Background: Nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM), understood as an oncologically valid procedure, is relatively new, and is an evolution of traditional mastectomy, particularly in relation to breast-conserving surgery. The anterior perforating branches are responsible for the cutaneous vascularization of the breast skin, and their preservation is a fundamental step to avoid possible postoperative necrosis. Therefore, evaluating the potential complications of cancer-related reconstructive surgical procedures such as NSM, both the distance of the tumoral lesion from the skin and the surgical incision site should be carefully considered. The preferred site of incision corresponds to the inframammary fold or possibly the periareolar area.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 113 patients who underwent NSM from January 2005 to October 2012 to evaluate skin complications. The anatomical study was performed by magnetic resonance imaging of the breast.
Results: Only one of the 113 women who had undergone a NSM procedure had total necrosis (0.9%) and six patients had partial necrosis (5.8%) of the nipple-areola complex.

Keywords: nipple-sparing mastectomy, breast, magnetic resonance imaging, breast perforating vessels, breast anatomy

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