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Impact of a COPD comprehensive case management program on hospital length of stay and readmission rates

Authors Alshabanat A, Otterstatter MC, Sin DD, Road J, Rempel C, Burns J, van Eeden SF, FitzGerald JM

Received 11 October 2016

Accepted for publication 30 January 2017

Published 21 March 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 961—971

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S124385

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Abdulmajeed Alshabanat,1 Michael C Otterstatter,2,3 Don D Sin,4,5 Jeremy Road,5,6 Carmen Rempel,6 Jane Burns,6 Stephan F van Eeden,4,5 JM FitzGerald5–7

On behalf of the COPD Transition Team Program

1Department of Experimental Medicine, University of British Columbia, 2British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, 3School of Population and Public Health, 4Department of Medicine, Centre for Heart Lung Innovation, St Paul’s Hospital, 5Division of Respirology, Department of Medicine, 6Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Institute for Heart and Lung Health, University of British Columbia, 7Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Evaluation, Vancouver Coastal Health Institute, Vancouver, BC, Canada

Background: COPD accounts for the highest rate of hospital admissions among major chronic diseases. COPD hospitalizations are associated with impaired quality of life, high health care utilization, and poor prognosis and result in an economic and a social burden that is both substantial and increasing.
Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy of a comprehensive case management program (CCMP) in reducing length of stay (LOS) and risk of hospital admissions and readmissions in patients with COPD.
Materials and methodology: We retrospectively compared outcomes across five large hospitals in Vancouver, BC, Canada, following the implementation of a systems approach to the management of COPD patients who were identified in the hospital and followed up in the community for 90 days. We compared numbers, rates, and intervals of readmission and LOS during 2 years of active program delivery compared to 1 year prior to program implementation.
Results: A total of 1,564 patients with a clinical diagnosis of COPD were identified from 2,719 hospital admissions during the 3 years of study. The disease management program reduced COPD-related hospitalizations by 30% and hospitalizations for all causes by 13.6%. Similarly, the rate of readmission for all causes showed a significant decline, with hazard ratios (HRs) of 0.55 (year 1) and 0.51 (year 2) of intervention (P<0.001). In addition, patients’ mean LOS (days) for COPD-related admissions declined significantly from 10.8 to 6.8 (P<0.05).
Conclusion: A comprehensive disease management program for COPD patients, including education, case management, and follow-up, was associated with significant reduction in hospital admissions and LOS.

Keywords: COPD, CCP, admission, readmission, length of stay
 

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