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Identification of G2 and S Phase-Expressed-1 as a Potential Biomarker in Patients with Prostate Cancer

Authors Xiong J, Zhang J, Li H

Received 19 July 2020

Accepted for publication 28 August 2020

Published 28 September 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 9259—9269

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S272795

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Seema Singh


Jian Xiong,1 Jianzhong Zhang,2 Hongjun Li1

1Department of Urology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100730, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Urology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Hongjun Li
Department of Urology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, 1 Shuaifuyuan, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100730, People’s Republic of China
Email lihongjun@pumch.cn
Jianzhong Zhang
Department of Urology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 95 Yong-An Road, Xicheng District, Beijing 100050, People’s Republic of China
Email zhangjianzhong_bjfh@outlook.com

Background: This study aimed to predict and explore the possible clinical value and mechanism of genetic markers in prostate cancer (PCa) using a bioinformatics analysis method.
Materials and Methods: The RNA-seq data were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs). The hub genes were screened by building protein–protein interaction (PPI) subnetworks with four topological analysis methods. The overall survival analysis of hub genes was conducted using Kaplan–Meier curves. Furthermore, the bioinformatics results were confirmed in 102 PCa samples collected in our hospital. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) was performed to provide information about the molecular mechanisms underlying PCa.
Results: Among 13 hub genes, the high expression of GTSE1 or KIF18B was associated with worse overall survival according to the TCGA samples. Immunoreactive scores for GTSE1 staining were significantly higher in PCa tissues than in paracancerous tissues (P< 0.01). The overall survival time of patients with high GTSE1 expression was shorter than that of patients with low GTSE1 expression (P=0.015). GSEA demonstrated that high GTSE1 expression was mainly enriched in the cell cycle (P< 0.001), DNA replication (P< 0.001), mismatch repair (P< 0.001), and p53 signaling pathway (P< 0.001).
Conclusion: GTSE1 expression was significantly high in PCa and associated with poor prognosis. GTSE1 may serve as a potential biomarker and therapeutic target in PCa patients.

Keywords: prostate cancer, GTSE1, bioinformatics analysis, prognosis

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