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Identification of critically carcinogenesis-related genes in basal cell carcinoma

Authors Dai J, Lin K, Huang Y, Lu Y, Chen W, Zhang X, He B, Pan Y, Wang S, Fan W

Received 25 May 2018

Accepted for publication 20 July 2018

Published 15 October 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 6957—6967

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S170504

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Takuya Aoki


Jie Dai,1,* Kang Lin,2,* Yan Huang,3 Yan Lu,4 Wen-Qi Chen,1 Xiao-Rong Zhang,1 Bang-Shun He,5 Yu-Qin Pan,5 Shu-Kui Wang,2 Wei-Xin Fan4

1Department of Dermatology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China; 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China; 3Department of Ultrasound, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China; 4Department of Dermatology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China; 5General Clinical Research Center, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background:
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a frequent malignant tumor of skin cancers with high morbidity. The objective of this study was to identify critical genes and pathways related to the carcinogenesis of BCC and gain more insights into the underlying molecular mechanisms of BCC.
Materials and methods: The gene expression profiles of GSE7553 and GSE103439 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database with 19 tumors and 6 normal skin tissues. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened between BCC samples and normal tissues, followed by gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analysis. Subsequently, protein–protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed for these DEGs, and module analysis was performed.
Results: A total of 313 DEGs were obtained. Among them, 222 genes were upregulated and 91 genes were downregulated. Enrichment analysis indicated that the upregulated genes were significantly enriched in cell cycle and mitosis, while the downregulated genes were mainly associated with unsaturated fatty acid metabolic process and cell differentiation. In addition, TOP2A, CDK1, and CCNB1 were identified as the top three hub genes ranked by degrees in the PPI network. Meanwhile, three subnetworks were derived, which indicated that these DEGs were significantly enriched in pathways, including “cell cycle”, “extracellular matrix–receptor interaction”, “basal cell carcinoma”, and “hedgehog signaling pathway”.
Conclusions: The novel critical DEGs and pathways identified in this study may serve pivotal roles in the carcinogenesis of BCC and indicate more molecular targets for the treatment of BCC.

Keywords: basal cell carcinoma, differentially expressed genes, enrichment analysis, bioinformatics analysis
 

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