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Identification of a novel pathogenic OTOF variant causative of nonsyndromic hearing loss with high frequency in the Ashkenazi Jewish population

Authors Fedick A, Jalas C, Swaroop A, Smouha E, Webb B

Received 29 May 2016

Accepted for publication 22 June 2016

Published 31 August 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 141—146


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Martin H. Maurer

Anastasia M Fedick,1 Chaim Jalas,2 Ananya Swaroop,1 Eric E Smouha,3 Bryn D Webb1

1Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA; 2Bonei Olam, Center for Rare Jewish Genetic Disorders, Brooklyn, NY, USA; 3Department of Otolaryngology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA

Abstract: Mutations in the OTOF gene have previously been shown to cause nonsyndromic prelingual deafness (DFNB9, OMIM 601071) as well as auditory neuropathy/dys-synchrony. In this study, the OTOF NM_194248.2 c.5332G>T, p.Val1778Phe variant was identified in a large Ashkenazi Jewish family as the causative variant in four siblings with hearing loss. Our analysis reveals a carrier frequency of the OTOF c.5332G>T, p.Val1778Phe variant of 1.27% in the Ashkenazi Jewish population, suggesting that this variant may be a significant contributor to nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss and should be considered for inclusion in targeted hearing loss panels for this population. Of note, the degree of hearing loss associated with this phenotype ranged from mild to moderately severe, with two of the four siblings not known to have hearing loss until they were genotyped and underwent pure tone audiometry and auditory brainstem response testing. The phenotypic variability along with the auditory neuropathy/dys-synchrony, which allows for the production of otoacoustic emissions, supports that nonsyndromic hearing loss caused by OTOF mutations may be much more common in the Ashkenazi Jewish population than currently appreciated due to a lack of diagnosis.

Keywords: hearing loss, OTOF, c.5332G>T, p.Val1778Phe, Ashkenazi Jewish, otoferlin

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