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How to reduce your cancer risk: mechanisms and myths

Authors Nahleh Z, Bhatti NS, Mal M

Published 8 April 2011 Volume 2011:4 Pages 277—287

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S18657

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Zeina Nahleh1, Narinder Singh Bhatti2, Meenakshi Mal2
1Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, TTUHSC-Paul L Foster School of Medicine, El Paso, TX, USA; 2Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India

Abstract: Cancer prevention continues to be a high research priority and the most optimal way to ultimately lower the economic and psychological burden of cancer. Many known risk factors associated with cancer are related to dietary and lifestyle factors and can be avoided. These risk factors include among others, smoking, obesity, alcohol, physical inactivity, and carcinogens in diet. This article reviews the biological mechanisms leading to cancer in association with these factors, highlights important achievable cancer prevention methods, addresses commonly asked questions about lifestyle and cancer, and dispels some of the myths about cancer prevention.

Keywords: cancer prevention, cancer risk, lifestyle, diet

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