Back to Journals » Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment » Volume 12

Higher emotional intelligence is related to lower test anxiety among students

Authors Ahmadpanah M, Keshavarz M, Haghighi M, Jahangard L, Bajoghli H, Sadeghi Bahmani D, Holsboer-Trachsler E, Brand S

Received 14 October 2015

Accepted for publication 20 November 2015

Published 12 January 2016 Volume 2016:12 Pages 133—136

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S98259

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Prof. Dr. Roumen Kirov

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder

Mohammad Ahmadpanah,1 Mohammadreza Keshavarz,1 Mohammad Haghighi,1 Leila Jahangard,1 Hafez Bajoghli,2 Dena Sadeghi Bahmani,3 Edith Holsboer-Trachsler,3 Serge Brand3,4

1Behavioral Disorders and Substances Abuse, Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran; 2Iranian National Center for Addiction Studies (INCAS), Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 3Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Center for Affective, Stress and Sleep Disorders, 4Department of Sport, Exercise and Health Science, Sport Science Section, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Background: For students attending university courses, experiencing test anxiety (TA) dramatically impairs cognitive performance and success at exams. Whereas TA is a specific case of social phobia, emotional intelligence (EI) is an umbrella term covering interpersonal and intrapersonal skills, along with positive stress management, adaptability, and mood. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that higher EI and lower TA are associated. Further, sex differences were explored.
Method: During an exam week, a total of 200 university students completed questionnaires covering sociodemographic information, TA, and EI.
Results: Higher scores on EI traits were associated with lower TA scores. Relative to male participants, female participants reported higher TA scores, but not EI scores. Intrapersonal and interpersonal skills and mood predicted low TA, while sex, stress management, and adaptability were excluded from the equation.
Conclusion: The pattern of results suggests that efforts to improve intrapersonal and interpersonal skills, and mood might benefit students with high TA. Specifically, social commitment might counteract TA.

Keywords: test anxiety, emotional intelligence, students, interpersonal skills, intrapersonal skills

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]

 

Other articles by this author:

Psychological distress and coping in military cadre candidates

Nakkas C, Annen H, Brand S

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2016, 12:2237-2243

Published Date: 29 August 2016

Mental toughness, sleep disturbances, and physical activity in patients with multiple sclerosis compared to healthy adolescents and young adults

Sadeghi Bahmani D, Gerber M, Kalak N, Lemola S, Clough PJ, Calabrese P, Shaygannejad V, Pühse U, Holsboer-Trachsler E, Brand S

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2016, 12:1571-1579

Published Date: 27 June 2016

Effect of adjuvant sleep hygiene psychoeducation and lorazepam on depression and sleep quality in patients with major depressive disorders: results from a randomized three-arm intervention

Rahimi A, Ahmadpanah M, Shamsaei F, Cheraghi F, Sadeghi Bahmani D, Holsboer-Trachsler E, Brand S

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2016, 12:1507-1515

Published Date: 22 June 2016

The current state of physical activity and exercise programs in German-speaking, Swiss psychiatric hospitals: results from a brief online survey

Brand S, Colledge F, Beeler N, Pühse U, Kalak N, Sadeghi Bahmani D, Mikoteit T, Holsboer-Trachsler E, Gerber M

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2016, 12:1309-1317

Published Date: 3 June 2016

Validity and test–retest reliability of the Persian version of the Montgomery–Asberg Depression Rating Scale

Ahmadpanah M, Sheikhbabaei M, Haghighi M, Roham F, Jahangard L, Akhondi A, Sadeghi Bahmani D, Bajoghli H, Holsboer-Trachsler E, Brand S

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2016, 12:603-607

Published Date: 7 March 2016

Examining Dark Triad traits in relation to mental toughness and physical activity in young adults

Sabouri S, Gerber M, Sadeghi Bahmani D, Lemola S, Clough PJ, Kalak N, Shamsi M, Holsboer-Trachsler E, Brand S

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2016, 12:229-235

Published Date: 27 January 2016

Poor mental health status and aggression are associated with poor driving behavior among male traffic offenders

Abdoli N, Farnia V, Delavar A, Esmaeili A, Dortaj F, Farrokhi N, Karami M, Shakeri J, Holsboer-Trachsler E, Brand S

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2015, 11:2071-2078

Published Date: 11 August 2015

Mental health status, aggression, and poor driving distinguish traffic offenders from non-offenders but health status predicts driving behavior in both groups

Abdoli N, Farnia V, Delavar A, Esmaeili A, Dortaj F, Farrokhi N, Karami M, Shakeri J, Holsboer-Trachsler E, Brand S

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2015, 11:2063-2070

Published Date: 10 August 2015

Impact of aerobic exercise on sleep and motor skills in children with autism spectrum disorders – a pilot study

Brand S, Jossen S, Holsboer-Trachsler E, Pühse U, Gerber M

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2015, 11:1911-1920

Published Date: 5 August 2015

Differences in maladaptive schemas between patients suffering from chronic and acute posttraumatic stress disorder and healthy controls

Ahmadian A, Mirzaee J, Omidbeygi M, Holsboer-Trachsler E, Brand S

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2015, 11:1677-1684

Published Date: 10 July 2015

Perfectionism related to self-reported insomnia severity, but not when controlled for stress and emotion regulation

Brand S, Kirov R, Kalak N, Gerber M, Pühse U, Lemola S, Correll CU, Cortese S, Meyer T, Holsboer-Trachsler E

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2015, 11:263-271

Published Date: 3 February 2015

Association between subjective actual sleep duration, subjective sleep need, age, body mass index, and gender in a large sample of young adults

Kalak N, Brand S, Beck J, Holsboer-Trachsler E, Wollmer MA

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2015, 11:107-113

Published Date: 9 January 2015

Cortisol levels and sleep patterns in infants with orofacial clefts undergoing surgery

Mueller AA, Kalak N, Schwenzer-Zimmerer K, Holsboer-Trachsler E, Brand S

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2014, 10:1965-1972

Published Date: 15 October 2014

Sleep duration and subjective psychological well-being in adolescence: a longitudinal study in Switzerland and Norway

Kalak N, Lemola S, Brand S, Holsboer–Trachsler E, Grob A

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2014, 10:1199-1207

Published Date: 3 July 2014

Oxybutynin reduces sweating in depressed patients treated with sertraline: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical study

Ghaleiha A, Jahangard L, Sherafat Z, Ahmadpanah M, Brand S, Holsboer-Trachsler E, Bajoghli H, Haghighi M

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2012, 8:407-412

Published Date: 14 September 2012

Perceived parenting styles differ between genders but not between elite athletes and controls

Serge Brand, Markus Gerber, Johannes Beck, et al

Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics 2011, 2:9-14

Published Date: 28 January 2011

Readers of this article also read:

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles

Prozorova GF, Pozdnyakov AS, Kuznetsova NP, Korzhova SA, Emel’yanov AI, Ermakova TG, Fadeeva TV, Sosedova LM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2014, 9:1883-1889

Published Date: 16 April 2014

Methacrylic-based nanogels for the pH-sensitive delivery of 5-Fluorouracil in the colon

Ashwanikumar N, Kumar NA, Nair SA, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5769-5779

Published Date: 15 November 2012

A novel preparation method for silicone oil nanoemulsions and its application for coating hair with silicone

Hu Z, Liao M, Chen Y, Cai Y, Meng L, Liu Y, Lv N, Liu Z, Yuan W

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5719-5724

Published Date: 12 November 2012

Cross-linked acrylic hydrogel for the controlled delivery of hydrophobic drugs in cancer therapy

Deepa G, Thulasidasan AK, Anto RJ, Pillai JJ, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:4077-4088

Published Date: 27 July 2012

Crystallization after intravitreal ganciclovir injection

Pitipol Choopong, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Nattawut Rodanant

Clinical Ophthalmology 2010, 4:709-711

Published Date: 14 July 2010