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Hematological indices and their correlation with fasting blood glucose level and anthropometric measurements in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia

Authors Biadgo B, Melku M, Mekonnen Abebe S, Abebe M

Received 2 October 2015

Accepted for publication 23 December 2015

Published 17 March 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 91—99


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Alfonso Eirin

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Ming-Hui Zou

Belete Biadgo,1 Mulugeta Melku,2 Solomon Mekonnen Abebe,3 Molla Abebe1

1School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, Department of Clinical Chemistry, 2School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, Department of Hematology and Immunohematology, 3Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia

Background: Diabetes mellitus is (DM) a global public health problem and a complex disease characterized by chronic hyperglycemia that leads to long-term macrovascular and microvascular complications. Recent studies have reported the role of hematological indices in contributing to the vascular injury in diabetic patients. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine hematological indices and their correlation with fasting blood glucose level and anthropometric measurement in type 2 DM patients in comparison with healthy controls.
Methods: A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted at the chronic illness clinic of Gondar University Hospital from February to April 2015. A total of 296 participants (148 cases and 148 healthy controls) were selected using systematic random sampling technique. Data were collected using a pretested structured questionnaire. Fasting blood glucose levels and hematological indices were determined by using Bio Systems A25 and Sysmex-KX 21N analyzers, respectively. Independent sample t-test, Mann–Whitney U-test, and correlation statistics were used. A P-value <0.05 was considered as statistically significant.
Result: There was significant difference in red blood cell distribution width (47.3±2.6 fL vs 45.2±3 fL) between diabetic patients and controls. Total white blood cells in 103/µL (6.59±1.42 vs 5.56±1.38), absolute lymphocyte count in 103/µL (2.60±0.70 vs 2.04±0.63), and absolute neutrophil count in 103/µL (3.57±1.46 vs 3.11±1.04) increased significantly in diabetic patients compared with controls, respectively. Among platelet indices, mean platelet volume (10.4±1.1 fL vs 9.9±1.1 fL) and platelet distribution width (14.5±2.1 fL vs 13.4±2.1 fL) were found to be significantly increased in the diabetic patients (P<0.05). Anthropometric measurements significantly correlated with white blood cell and platelet indices.
Conclusion: The study showed statistically significant difference in some hematological parameters of diabetic patients compared to controls. Thus, hematological indices could be useful indicators of vascular complication and glycemic control in type 2 DM patients.

Keywords: Ethiopia, fasting blood glucose, Gondar, hematological indices, type 2 diabetes mellitus

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