Health-related quality of life for gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel plus radiotherapy versus gemcitabine and S-1 plus radiotherapy in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer
Authors Zhu X, Li F, Shi D, Ju X, Cao Y, Shen Y, Cao F, Qing S, Fang F, Jia Z, Zhang H
Received 27 February 2018
Accepted for publication 14 June 2018
Published 23 October 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 4805—4815
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Andrew Yee
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Nakshatri
Xiaofei Zhu,* Fuqi Li,* Dongchen Shi,* Xiaoping Ju,* Yangsen Cao, Yuxin Shen, Fei Cao, Shuiwang Qing, Fang Fang, Zhen Jia, Huojun Zhang
Department of Radiation Oncology, Changhai Hospital Affiliated to Navy Medical University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Purpose: To compare the effects of gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel (GT) plus stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) or gemcitabine and S-1 (GS) plus SBRT on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of metastatic pancreatic cancer.
Methods: Patients with biopsy-proven and radiographically metastatic pancreatic cancer were included. HRQOL was assessed using the Chinese version of Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) and 5-level European quality of life 5-dimensions (EQ-5D-5L). Data were analyzed with Spearman’s rank correlation, ordinal regression, and propensity score-matched analysis.
Results: A total of 75 and 89 patients received GT and GS, respectively. The median biological effective dose of GT group and GS group was 59.5 Gy (range 48–85.5 Gy) and 64.4 Gy (range 52.48–85.5 Gy) in 5–8 fractions, respectively. More patients in the GS group had improvement in BPI and EQ-5D-5L compared with those in the GT group (n=38 vs n=15, P<0.001; n=42 vs n=20, P<0.001). No differences of BPI scores were found between pre- and post-treatment in each group, while only the post-treatment EQ-5D-5L score was higher than that at baseline in GS the group (P<0.001). Compared with GS group, it was unlikely for patients receiving GT to have better BPI and EQ-5D-5L. After propensity-matched analysis, more patients in GS group had improvement in BPI and EQ-5D-5L (n=24 vs n=12, P=0.002; n=28 vs n=16, P=0.002). Furthermore, patients with GS had a superior overall survival than those with GT (11.1 months [95% CI: 10.6–11.6 months] vs 9.9 months [95% CI: 8.8–11.0 months]; P=0.005). Both incidences of grade 3 hematological (P=0.024) and gastrointestinal (P=0.049) toxicities were higher in the GT group.
Conclusion: GS may achieve better HRQOL than GT. Therefore, GS may be an alternative of GT for metastatic pancreatic cancer, especially for Asians.
Keywords: quality of life, stereotactic body radiation therapy, chemotherapy, gemcitabine, pancreatic cancer
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