Glycopyrrolate/Formoterol Fumarate Metered Dose Inhaler Improves Lung Function versus Monotherapies in GOLD Category A Patients with COPD: Pooled Data from the Phase III PINNACLE Studies
Received 6 September 2019
Accepted for publication 2 December 2019
Published 9 January 2020 Volume 2020:15 Pages 99—106
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell
Fernando J Martinez,1 Klaus F Rabe,2 Brian J Lipworth,3 Samir Arora,4 Martin Jenkins,5 Ubaldo J Martin,6 Colin Reisner6,7
1Joan and Sanford I. Weill Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, USA; 2Department of Pneumonology, LungenClinic Grosshansdorf and Christian-Albrechts University Kiel, Airway Research Center North, Member of the German Center for Lung Research (DZL), Grosshansdorf, Germany; 3Division of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Scottish Centre for Respiratory Research, Ninewells Hospital, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, UK; 4Aventiv Research Inc., Columbus, OH, USA; 5Global Medicines Development, AstraZeneca, Cambridge, UK; 6Research and Development, AstraZeneca, Gaithersburg, MD, USA; 7R&D Biopharmaceuticals, AstraZeneca, Morristown, NJ, USA
Correspondence: Fernando J Martinez
Joan and Sanford I. Weill Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center, 525 E 68th Street, Room M-522, Box 130, New York, NY 10065, USA
Tel +1646 962 2748
Background: The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) recommends a short-acting bronchodilator or single long-acting bronchodilator as an initial pharmacological treatment for GOLD category A patients with COPD. We pooled data from the PINNACLE-1, -2, and -4 studies to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the dual bronchodilator fixed-dose combination glycopyrrolate/formoterol fumarate metered dose inhaler (GFF MDI), formulated using co-suspension delivery technology, in GOLD category A patients with moderate-to-very severe COPD.
Materials and Methods: PINNACLE-1, -2, and -4 were Phase III, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, multicenter studies (NCT01854645, NCT01854658, and NCT02343458). Patients received 24 weeks’ treatment with GFF MDI 18/9.6 μg, glycopyrrolate (GP) MDI 18 μg, formoterol fumarate (FF) MDI 9.6 μg, or placebo MDI twice daily. GOLD category A patients were identified based on a COPD Assessment Test score of 1), peak change from baseline in FEV1 within 2 hrs post-dose, and adverse events (AEs).
Results: The pooled intent-to-treat population comprised 729 GOLD category A patients. GFF MDI significantly improved morning pre-dose trough FEV1 at Week 24 versus GP MDI, FF MDI, and placebo MDI (least squares mean [LSM] differences 54 mL, 62 mL, and 188 mL, respectively; all p≤0.0053), and peak FEV1 at Week 24 versus GP MDI, FF MDI, and placebo MDI (LSM differences 124 mL, 104 mL, and 307 mL, respectively; all p<0.0001). Improvements over 24 weeks were comparable to at Week 24. The AE profile of GFF MDI in GOLD category A patients was similar to monocomponents and placebo MDI.
Conclusion: GFF MDI significantly improved lung function versus monocomponents and placebo MDI in GOLD category A patients with moderate-to-very severe COPD, with no unexpected safety findings.
Keywords: β2-agonist, bronchodilator, COPD, co-suspension delivery technology, lung function, muscarinic antagonist
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