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Functionalized self-assembling peptide improves INS-1 β-cell function and proliferation via the integrin/FAK/ERK/cyclin pathway

Authors Liu JP, Liu SY, Chen YN, Zhao XJ, Lu YR, Cheng JQ

Received 7 January 2015

Accepted for publication 16 March 2015

Published 13 May 2015 Volume 2015:10(1) Pages 3519—3531

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S80502

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Lei Yang

Jingping Liu,1 Shuyun Liu,1 Younan Chen,1 Xiaojun Zhao,2 Yanrong Lu,1 Jingqiu Cheng1

1Key Laboratory of Transplant Engineering and Immunology, Regenerative Medicine Research Center, 2Laboratory of Nanomedicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People’s Republic of China

Abstract: Islet transplantation is considered to be a curative treatment for type 1 diabetes mellitus. However, disruption of the extracellular matrix (ECM) leads to β-cell destruction and graft dysfunction. In this study, we developed a functionalized self-assembling peptide, KLD-F, with ECM mimic motifs derived from fibronectin and collagen IV, and evaluated its effect on β-cell function and proliferation. Atomic force microscopy and rheological results showed that KLD-F could self-assemble into a nanofibrous scaffold and change into a hydrogel in physiological saline condition. In a three-dimensional cell culture model, KLD-F improved ECM remodeling and cell-cell adhesion of INS-1 β-cells by upregulation of E-cadherin, fibronectin, and collagen IV. KLD-F also enhanced glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and expression of β-cell function genes, including Glut2, Ins1, MafA, and Pdx-1 in INS-1 cells. Moreover, KLD-F promoted proliferation of INS-1 β-cells and upregulated Ki67 expression by mediating cell cycle progression. In addition, KLD-F improved β-cell function and proliferation via an integrin/focal adhesion kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase/cyclin D pathway. This study highlights the fact that the β-cell-ECM interaction reestablished with this functionalized self-assembling peptide is a promising method to improve the therapeutic efficacy of islet transplantation.

Keywords: extracellular matrix, self-assembling peptide, islet transplantation, β-cell proliferation, insulin secretion

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