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Farm-based day care services – a prospective study protocol on health benefits for people with dementia and next of kin

Authors Eriksen S, Pedersen I, Taranrød LB, Ellingsen-Dalskau LH, Finnanger Garshol B, Ibsen TL, Kirkevold Ø, Strandli E, Patil GG

Received 17 April 2019

Accepted for publication 22 July 2019

Published 14 August 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 643—653


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Siren Eriksen,1,2 Ingeborg Pedersen,3 Liv Bjerknes Taranrød,1 Lina Harvold Ellingsen-Dalskau,3 Bjørnar Finnanger Garshol,3 Tanja Louise Ibsen,1 Øyvind Kirkevold,1,4,5 Elin Strandli,1 Grete Grindal Patil3

1Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Aging and Health, Vestfold Hospital Trust, Tønsberg, Norway; 2Faculty of Health Studies, Vid Specialized University, Oslo, Norway; 3Department of Public Health Science, Faculty of Landscape and Society, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway; 4Centre of Old Age Psychiatry Research, Innlandet Hospital Trust, Gjøvik, Norway; 5Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) Department of Health Sciences in Gjøvik, Norway

Introduction: The increasing number of people with dementia will place a considerable challenge on the health care system and will necessitate innovation and new solutions. Day care services aim to provide meaningful activities and coping experiences for the target group. The aim of the present study is to explore the experience and potential health benefits for people with dementia attending farm-based day care services in Norway and their next of kin.
Methods and design: The present study is a prospective study organized into several qualitative and quantitative sub-studies. Study period will last from 2016–2020. We use a multi-method approach and both an empirical and a constructivist view on knowledge to explore this multi-facetted phenomenon.
Discussion: Several challenges are expected, for instance, the ability to include participants with dementia and keep them within the study for the whole study period. The functioning level of participants regarding language and understanding could challenge their ability to answer. Despite having several limitations, we believe that this study with its different approaches and methods will add important knowledge to the field. Knowledge from our study could be essential for creating day care services of good quality for people with dementia and such services could reduce the burden of care for their next of kin.

Keywords: care farms, coping, farm-based activities, green care, meaningful activities, multi-method approach

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