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Factors associated with adherence to diabetes care recommendations among children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes: a facility-based study in two urban diabetes clinics in Uganda

Authors Kyokunzire C, Matovu N

Received 12 November 2017

Accepted for publication 19 February 2018

Published 29 March 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 93—104

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S156858

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Ms Justinn Cochran

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Ming-Hui Zou


Catherine Kyokunzire,1 Nicholas Matovu2,3

1Department of Community Health and Behavioural Sciences, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda; 2Department of Community Health, Division of Noncommunicable Diseases, Ministry of Health – Uganda, Kampala, Uganda; 3Global Health Corps Fellowship Program 2017/2018, New York, NY, USA

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the level of adherence and the factors associated with adherence to diabetes care recommendations among type 1 diabetic children and adolescents at two urban diabetes clinics in Kampala, Uganda.
Research design and methods: A facility-based cross-sectional study was carried out among 200 children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes at two major diabetes clinics in Kampala. Caretakers of the children and adolescents were interviewed using pretested questionnaires to provide information on sociodemographic characteristics, diabetes care, knowledge, attitudes, and adherence to diabetes care recommendations in type 1 diabetes. Prevalence rate ratios (PRRs) at the 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to establish the factors associated with adherence using modified Poisson regression, with robust standard errors. The data were analyzed by using STATA Version 13.0.
Results: The overall prevalence of adherence to diabetes care recommendations was at 37%. However, evaluating adherence to specific treatment parameters showed that 52%, 76.5%, and 29.5% of the children and adolescents adhered to insulin, blood glucose monitoring, and dietary recommendations, respectively. In the final adjusted model, active diet monitoring (adjusted PRR [APRR]: 1.95; 95% CI: 1.01, 3.78), being under care of a sibling (APRR: 1.66; 95% CI: 1.61, 1.71), being under care of a married caretaker (APRR: 1.10; 95% CI: 1.05, 1.14) and a separated or divorced caretaker (APRR: 1.60; 95% CI: 1.12, 2.27), taking three or less tests of blood glucose per day (APRR: 0.63; 95% CI: 0.42, 0.95), and having a caretaker with poor knowledge about diabetes (APRR: 0.49; 95% CI: 0.43, 0.57) and who is inactive in supervision of insulin injections (APRR: 0.58; 95% CI: 0.56, 0.60) were associated with adherence to type 1 diabetes care recommendations.
Conclusion: Adherence to type 1 diabetes care recommendations is still low among this population. The results suggest that reinforcing caretaker involvement could be vital in improving adherence to diabetes care recommendations in this population.

Keywords: adherence, type 1 diabetes, Kampala, children, adolescents, Uganda
 
Corrigendum for this paper has been published
 

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