Factors affecting local recurrence and distant metastases of invasive breast cancer after breast-conserving surgery in Chiang Mai University Hospital
Authors Ditsatham C, Somwongprasert A, Watcharachan K, Wongmaneerung P, Khorana J
Received 26 October 2015
Accepted for publication 9 December 2015
Published 18 March 2016 Volume 2016:8 Pages 47—52
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Tuhin Das
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Pranela Rameshwar
Chagkrit Ditsatham,1 Areewan Somwangprasert,1 Kirati Watcharachan,1 Phanchaporn Wongmaneerung,1 Jiraporn Khorana,2
1Division of Head, Neck, and Breast Surgery, 2Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
Background: The purpose of this study was to collect data regarding breast cancer profiles and factors that affect local recurrence and distant metastasis after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) in Chiang Mai University Hospital.
Materials and methods: This study was a retrospective review in a single institution of newly diagnosed invasive breast cancer patients who were treated with BCS between April 9, 2001 and December 25, 2011.
Results: A total of 185 patients treated with BCS were included in this study, with an average age of 46.83 years. The average recurrence age was 41.1 years and the average nonrecurrence age was 47.48 years, with a recurrence rate of 10.27%. Premenopause was significant in recurrence (P=0.047), as well as non-estrogen-expression patients (P=0.001) and patients who did not receive antihormonal treatment (P=0.011).
Conclusion: The recurrence rate in our institute was 10.27%. Factors affecting recurrence after BCS included young age, premenopausal status, nonexpression of the estrogen receptor, and patients who had not received antihormonal treatment. The recurrence rate was higher in the first 90 postoperative months.
Keywords: breast-conserving surgery, breast cancer surgery, invasive breast cancer, factor, recurrence
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