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Expression of Serum miR-155 in Children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae Pneumonia and Its Role in Immunity to Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Authors Jin Y, Xue J, Ruan M, Lu J, Xu Q, Shi Y, Yu F

Received 17 August 2020

Accepted for publication 10 February 2021

Published 29 March 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 1273—1281

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S273423

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Héctor M. Mora-Montes


Yue Jin, Jie Xue, Mengran Ruan, Jinxing Lu, Qian Xu, Yuanyuan Shi, Fei Yu

Department of Pediatrics, Affiliated Shuyang Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Shuyang, 223600, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Yue Jin
Department of Pediatrics, Affiliated Shuyang Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, No. 9, Yingbin Road, Shucheng Town, Shuyang, 223600, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86-14762621960
Fax +86-527-80817088
Email [email protected]

Objective: To investigate the expression of serum miR-155 in children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP).
Methods: A total of 100 children at our hospital with pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection were enrolled as a study group, including 45 cases in the acute phase (acute phase group) and 55 in the recovery phase (recovery phase group). An additional 30 healthy children were enrolled during the same period as the control group. The expression levels of miR-155, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-8 (IL-8), IL-10, IL-13, immunoglobulin (Ig) G, IgA, complements (C3 and CH50), and T lymphocyte subsets (CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, and CD4+/CD8+) were determined. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors affecting MPP in children.
Results: miR-155, IL-10, IgG, IgA, CD3+, CD4+, and CD4+/CD8+ were poorly expressed in children with MPP, and their expression in the acute phase group was significantly lower than that in the recovery phase group. TNF-α, IL-13, C3, and CH50 were highly expressed in the children, and their expression was significantly higher in the acute  phase group than in the recovery phase group. In the acute phase group, the expression of IL-8 was significantly higher than that in the control and recovery phase groups but without any significant differences between the recovery phase and control groups. Age, season, low complement state, epidemiological contact history, and antibiotic use time were independent risk factors affecting MPP in children.
Conclusion: Serum miR-155 is poorly expressed in children with MPP, and it can regulate inflammatory disorders and immune responses.

Keywords: miR-155, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, immunity, inflammation, risk factors

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