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Evaluation of the calculation formulas of the cardio-ankle vascular index used in the Japanese apparatus

Authors Ato D

Received 14 May 2019

Accepted for publication 1 September 2019

Published 13 September 2019 Volume 2019:15 Pages 395—398

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/VHRM.S215709

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Daniel Duprez


Dai Ato

Gakujutsu Shien Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan

Correspondence: Dai Ato
Gakujutsu Shien (Academic Support) Co., Ltd., 2-1-17 Nihonbashi, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 103-0027, Japan
Tel +81 3 6869 6438
Email ato.dai1@wind.ocn.ne.jp

Background: Recently, coefficients in the equation of cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) used in VaSera® device were disclosed. This study aimed to simulate the influence of adjusting the coefficients in the equation of CAVI and also aimed to validate the equation.
Methods: The CAVI displayed by VaSera (CAVIvs) and the CAVI estimated (CAVIes) with fixing the coefficients of the middle range of the heart-ankle stiffness parameter β (haβ) in the equation were compared. Moreover, the heart-ankle pulse wave velocity (haPWV) which corresponds to the low cutoff haβ of 7.348 was estimated in various blood pressure patterns to validate the formula.
Results: The CAVIvs was clearly lower than CAVIes in the low and the high range of CAVIvs. Moreover, it was virtually impossible to obtain the low cutoff haβ of 7.348 by using typical values of haPWV.
Conclusion: The CAVIvs in the high-range of VaSera underestimates the original property of stiffness parameter β. Moreover, there will be also a missing information in the equations introduced in the corresponding article, especially in the calculation formula of CAVIvs from haβ. Therefore, in order to make the best use of the nature of the stiffness parameter β to be used in VaSera, fixing the coefficients or termination of its use should be considered.

Keywords: brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity, arterial stiffness, arterial compliance, vascular function, peripheral arterial disease, ankle-brachial index


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