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Evaluation of Serum Level of FGF23 and 1,25(OH)2D3 in Primary Hyperparathyroidism Patients Before and After Parathyroidectomy

Authors Hassani S, Afkhamizadeh M, Teimouri A, Najaf Najafi M, Vazifeh Mostaan L, Mohebbi M

Received 10 March 2020

Accepted for publication 28 May 2020

Published 11 June 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 289—295


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Solmaz Hassani,1 Mozhgan Afkhamizadeh,1 Ali Teimouri,2 Mona Najaf Najafi,3 Leila Vazifeh Mostaan,4 Masoud Mohebbi1

1Metabolic Syndrome Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; 2Student Research Committee, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; 3Clinical Research Development Unit, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran; 4Cancer Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Correspondence: Masoud Mohebbi
Emam Reza Hospital, Mashhad 9137913316, Iran
Tel +98-9155123712
Fax +98-5138022370

Purpose: Parathyroid hormone (PTH) and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) play critical roles in phosphate homeostasis. To the best of our knowledge, there are limited data on the impact of FGF23 and PTH on serum calcium, 1,25(OH)2D3, and phosphate in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). We examined these parameters and their correlations in PHPT patients before and after parathyroidectomy (PTX).
Patients and Methods: In this prospective cohort study, 29 PHPT patients who met the inclusion criteria were selected. The patient’s blood samples were taken three times: before the operation, 24 h after the operation, and 1 week after the operation. The concentrations of serum calcium, FGF23, 1,25(OH)2D3, phosphate, PTH, and alkaline phosphatase were measured in a referral laboratory at each of the three steps. Moreover, 25(OH)D was primarily measured just before the surgery.
Results: Of 29 patients included in this study with a mean age of 52.37± 12.3 years, majority were females (75.8%). Serum FGF23 and 1,25(OH)2D3 levels were high before PTX and decreased after the operation; however, the difference was not statistically significant. FGF23 levels were significantly correlated with 1,25(OH)2D3 at each of the three steps (r=0.964, P < 0.01; r=0.985, P < 0.0; and r=0.976, P < 0.05). The variations in calcium, phosphate, creatinine, and PTH were preoperatively and postoperatively significant.
Conclusion: Although 1,25(OH)2D3 and FGF23 levels were preoperatively higher in PHPT, their variations were not meaningful. There was a statistically direct significant relationship between 1,25(OH)2D3 and FGF23 preoperatively and postoperatively; however, the correlations between FGF23 and calcium, phosphate, and PTH were not significant.

Keywords: vitamin D, parathyroid glands, surgery, parathyroid hormone, fibroblast growth factor 23, endocrine disease

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