Evaluation of Knowledge and Attitude Toward HPV and Vaccination Among Medical Staff, Medical Students, and Community Members in Fujian Province
Received 19 December 2019
Accepted for publication 25 June 2020
Published 3 August 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 989—997
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Kent Rondeau
Chang Yu,1 Lihua Chen,1 Guanyu Ruan,1,2 Jian An,1 Pengming Sun1,2
1Laboratory of Gynecologic Oncology, Fujian Provincial Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, People’s Republic of China; 2Key Laboratory of Fujian Maternal and Pediatric Major Disease Research, Fujian Provincial Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, People’s Republic of China
Correspondence: Pengming Sun
Key Laboratory of Fujian Maternal and Pediatric Major Disease Research, Fujian Provincial Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 591 8755 8732
Fax +86 591 8755 1247
Purpose: To evaluate the level of human papilloma virus (HPV)-related knowledge and vaccination willingness of people in Fujian Province, and to explore the factors influencing doctors’ recommendation of HPV vaccine.
Methods: We conducted two cross-sectional surveys in Fujian Province. The study cohort included 248 medical staff and medical students and 1001 community members. Descriptive statistics were used to identify the general demographics of the participants, along with their knowledge and attitudes regarding HPV and vaccination. Analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with willingness to vaccinate and willingness to recommend vaccination.
Results: The level of HPV knowledge in Fujian province was found to be low, but more than 80% of participants would like to accept HPV vaccine. Medical staff had a higher willingness to recommend HPV vaccine than students (OR= 4.696, CI: 2.698-8.175), which may be related to work experience and acceptance of vaccine price but not to knowledge level.
Conclusion: Knowledge of HPV in our community population appears to be lower than that in other regions in China. We suggest that a lack of knowledge may not be the main factor affecting the willingness to vaccinate, but we still needed to raise the level of knowledge about HPV to prevent misunderstandings. When the level of knowledge is high, education and per capita household income are not important factors influencing the willingness to vaccinate; only acceptance of vaccine prices significantly affects the willingness to vaccinate. Inclusion of the HPV vaccine in the national immunization program could help to alleviate public concerns regarding the vaccine to change present situation.
Keywords: perception, HPV, vaccine, knowledge, recommend
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