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Evaluation of biologically active substances promoting the development of or protecting against endometrial cancer

Authors Cymbaluk-Płoska A, Chudecka-Głaz A, Jagodzińska A, Pius-Sadowska E, Sompolska-Rzechuła A, Machaliński B, Menkiszak J

Received 3 November 2017

Accepted for publication 13 December 2017

Published 13 March 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 1363—1372

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S155942

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Ingrid Espinoza


Aneta Cymbaluk-Płoska,1 Anita Chudecka-Głaz,1 Anna Jagodzińska,1 Ewa Pius-Sadowska,2 Agnieszka Sompolska-Rzechuła,3 Bogusław Machaliński,2 Janusz Menkiszak1

1Department of Gynecological Surgery and Gynecological Oncology of Adults and Adolescents, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland; 2General Pathology Department, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland; 3Department of Statistics, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland

Introduction: Adipose tissue is considered an endocrine organ and produces a number of biologically active substances.
Aims: To consider the role that four adipokines – leptin, omentin-1, vaspin, and galectin-3 – play in the diagnosis of endometrium cancer and to investigate the association between serum concentrations of adipose tissue metabolism products and the diagnostics and prognosis in endometrial cancer.
Patients and methods: The study included 168 patients with body mass index (BMI) >20 kg/m2 admitted due to post-menopausal bleeding.
Results:
A receiver operating characteristic curves test was performed to determine the diagnostic values of the proteins tested. For leptin and galectin-3 the area under the curve (AUC) values were 0.79/0.68, while for vaspin and omentin-1 the AUC values were 0.82/0.86 for all study patients. The final model identified the following independent risk factors: glucose concentration, BMI, waist circumference, leptin, and vaspin concentrations. Diagnostic values of leptin and galectin-3 with regard to differentiation between high (Fédération Internationale de Gynécologie Obstétrique [FIGO] III and IV) and low (FIGO I and II) stages of clinical tumor advancement and prediction of tumor grading (G1 vs G3) based on the AUC curve were 0.82/0.70 and 0.80/0.74. The AUC values for vaspin and omentin-1 with respect to differentiation between histopathological advancement and grading were 0.86/0.81 and 0.83/0.77, respectively. Significantly lower values of mean omentin-1 and vaspin concentrations were also demonstrated in cases of lymphatic vessel invasion, lymph node metastases, or deep endometrial infiltration (p=0.002, p=0.01, p=0.003, respectively).
Conclusion: It appears that elevated concentrations of leptin, vaspin, and omentin-1 may indicate the presence of endometrial cancer. Furthermore, leptin serum level and vaspin appear to be useful tools in the assessment of clinical staging of endometrial cancer.

Keywords:
endometrial cancer, adipokines, leptin, vaspin, galectin-3, omentin-1

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