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Epidermal growth factor receptor and B7-H3 expression in esophageal squamous tissues correlate to patient prognosis

Authors Song J, Shi W, Zhang Y, Sun M, Liang X, Zheng S

Received 29 April 2016

Accepted for publication 7 August 2016

Published 12 October 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 6257—6263


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Ram Prasad

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Min Li

Jianxiang Song,1,2,* Woda Shi,1,2,* Yajun Zhang,2 Mingzhong Sun,3 Xiaodong Liang,3,4 Shiying Zheng1

1Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 3Department of Clinical Laboratory, 4Department of Pathology, The Third People’s Hospital of Yancheng City, Yancheng, Jiangsu Province, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Abstract: Biomarkers that can serve as diagnostic and prognostic indicators of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are urgently needed to help improve patient outcomes. Here, the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and costimulatory molecule B7-H3, both of which have been implicated in tumor onset and progression in certain tumors, was investigated in relation to the clinical characteristics and survival outcomes of patients with ESCC. ESCC tissue samples were analyzed for 100 patients. Tumor and patient characteristics were recorded. Tissues were investigated for EGFR and B7-H3 staining by immunohistochemistry. Patients were followed for up to 96 months to determine overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). High expression for EGFR (68.0%) and B7-H3 (66.0%) was observed in the majority of cases. High expression of either EGFR or B7-H3 was correlated with tumor invasion depth and clinical stage (P<0.05). Further, high expression of either EGFR or B7-H3 was correlated with worse survival outcomes. The estimated OS (38.1 months) and PFS (13.4 months) of patients with high expression of EGFR were lower than those of patients with low expression (69.3 and 68.1 months, P<0.05). The estimated OS (31.1 months) and PFS (13.1 months) of patients with high expression of B7-H3 were also lower than those of patients with low expression (69.3 and 66.6 months, P<0.05). Indeed, Cox multiple regression showed that OS and PFS were correlated with EGFR (relative risk =1.853, 1.875, respectively) and B7-H3 (relative risk =1.886, 2.061, respectively) (all P<0.05) expression level. Thus, EGFR and B7-H3 are highly expressed in tumor tissues of patients with ESCC. Their expression levels are correlated with tumor severity and survival, and therefore these may be viable biomarkers to aid in prognosis determination.

Keywords: esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, epidermal growth factor receptor, costimulatory molecule B7-H3, prognosis, immunohistochemistry

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