Epidemiology of HIV Infection in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia, 2015 to 2018 Surveillance Data Analysis
Received 10 March 2020
Accepted for publication 25 June 2020
Published 30 July 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 307—314
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Bassel Sawaya
Etsehiwot Debe Worku,1 Mulusew Andualem Asemahagn,2 Melese Linger Endalifer3
1North Shewa Zone Health Department, Amhara Regional Health Bureau, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia; 2School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia; 3Department of Midwifery, Woldiya University, Woldiay, Ethiopia
Correspondence: Mulusew Andualem Asemahagn
School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar University, P.O. Box 76, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Background: Globally, over 37.9 million people are living with HIV in 2018 and sub-Saharan Africa carries 71% of the global HIV epidemics. In Ethiopia, there were an estimated 613,000 HIV cases in 2017. This study aimed to assess the trend of HIV incidence in the Amhara Region, Ethiopia.
Methods: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted using routine HIV data from 2015 to 2018. We extracted HIV records from the Amhara Regional Health Bureau database. Data confidentiality was secured through data anonymity. Data were entered, cleaned and analyzed by IBM SPSS version 22 (Armonk, NY, USA). Various descriptive statistics such as counts, proportions and trends were computed to see the magnitude of HIV in the study area.
Results: A total of 57,293 new HIV cases were reported from 2015 to 2018 and 33,720 (59%) were females. The majority, 40,054 (70%), of HIV cases were among people in 25− 49 years. The overall incidence rate of HIV from 2015 to 2018 was 6.9 per 1000 population. The annual HIV incidence rates were 7.3. 6.3, 7.4 and 6.63 per 1000 population in 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018, respectively. The incidence rate per 1000 population was high in Dessie town (5.74), Bahir Dar city (4.27) and Gondar town (3.00). About 49,564 (86.5%) of HIV cases have started ART and 33% of them had TB infection where 54% of them were females. Only 14869 (30%) people on ART had normal nutritional status.
Conclusion: HIV remains a public health concern in the Amhara Region and the burden varied by place, time, gender and age groups. Improving awareness creation and community mobilization, managing TB infection and undernutrition problems, and making HIV screening services available in all healthcare facilities are crucial to decrease HIV infection. Special attention is also required to avoid risk factors that increased HIV incidence among females.
Keywords: HIV, trend, surveillance, Amhara region, Ethiopia
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