Efficacy of levofloxacin versus cefuroxime in treating acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Received 17 December 2012
Accepted for publication 12 April 2013
Published 10 July 2013 Volume 2013:8 Pages 329—334
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 4
Ho Il Yoon,1 Chang-Hoon Lee,2 Deog Kyeom Kim,3 Geun Min Park,4 Sang-Min Lee,2 Jae-Joon Yim,2 Jae-Yeol Kim,5 Jae Ho Lee,1 Choon-Taek Lee,1 Hee Soon Chung,3 Young Whan Kim,2 Sung Koo Han,2 Chul-Gyu Yoo2
1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine and Lung Institute, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam-si, Republic of Korea; 2Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine and Lung Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 3Division of Pulmonology, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Boramae Hospital, Seoul, South Korea; 4Division of Pulmonology and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Goyang, Republic of Korea; 5Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Background: Antibiotic treatment is one of the major pharmacologic treatments for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). However, the choice of antibiotic depends on the local resistance pattern. A multicenter, randomized, controlled trial was done in patients with AECOPD to compare the efficacy of levofloxacin with that of cefuroxime axetil.
Methods: Patients with AECOPD and without radiographic evidence of pneumonia were enrolled and randomized to either levofloxacin 500 mg daily or cefuroxime 250 mg twice daily in the mild-moderate exacerbation group, or 500 mg twice daily in the severe exacerbation group, for seven days. Clinical efficacy and microbiologic response were evaluated 5–7 days after the last dose.
Results: Treatment was clinically successful in 90.4% of patients in the levofloxacin group, and in 90.6% of patients in the cefuroxime group (95% confidence interval -9.40 to 10.91), within a noninferiority margin of 10%. The microbiologic response appeared to be higher in the levofloxacin group, but the difference was not statistically significant. The safety profile was similar in both groups.
Conclusion: Levofloxacin is not inferior to cefuroxime with regard to clinical efficacy in treating AECOPD.
Keywords: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, acute exacerbation, levofloxacin, cefuroxime
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