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Efficacy and safety of intraperitoneally administered resveratrol against rat orthotopic ovarian cancers

Authors Zhong LX, Wu ML, Li H, Liu J, Lin LZ

Received 21 February 2019

Accepted for publication 25 May 2019

Published 4 July 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 6113—6124


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Xueqiong Zhu

Li-Xia Zhong,1 Mo-Li Wu,2 Hong Li,2 Jia Liu,2 Li-Zhu Lin1

1Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510407, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China; 2Liaoning Laboratory of Cancer Genetics and Epigenetics, Department of Cell Biology, College of Basic Medical Sciences, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044, People’s Republic of China

Background: Resveratrol (Res) inhibits ovarian cancer (OC) cell growth but its in vivo anti-OC effects are unclear due to the low bioavailability of systemically administered Res. Intraperitoneal administration may overcome this therapeutic dilemma because it makes Res directly affect the abdominal tumors. Ethanol and DMSO are common Res solvents, while their reliability and safety for long-term in vivo treatment remain unknown.
Methods: A rat orthotopic OC model was established using the rat NUTU-19 OC cell line. Res dissolved in 10% ethanol or 0.2% DMSO was injected intraperitoneally (20 mg/kg/day) into tumor-free and tumor-bearing rats for 2 weeks. The tumors were collected for gross, morphological and molecular examinations, and blood and ascitic samples were obtained for a CA125 ELISA. Res concentration in ovarian tissues was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).
Results: The average tumor weight (0.187±0.065 g) of the Res-in-DMSO group was lower than that of untreated (0.426±0.091 g; P<0.01) and Res-in-ethanol (0.238±0.073 g; P<0.05) group. The average bloody ascitic volumes collected from untreated, Res-in-ethanol, and Res-in-DMSO groups were 5.65±0.27, 2.75±0.14, and 2.09±0.11 ml, respectively. Abundant TUNEL-positive cells, ARHI and PIAS3 upregulation, CA125 reduction, and decreased STAT3 nuclear translocation were found in the Res-in-ethanol and, especially, the Res-in-DMSO group. Widespread plaques of Res deposits were found on the abdominal serosa of the Res-in-ethanol group, but not in the Res-in-DMSO group. HPLC revealed a higher Res concentration in Res-in-DMSO-treated tumor tissues than in those treated by Res-in-ethanol (P<0.01). Fertility was maintained after long-term Res treatment.
Conclusion: Intraperitoneal administration of Res effectively inhibited rat orthotopic ovarian cancer growth without affecting normal tissues. The Res-in-DMSO group had the highest drug bioavailability and therefore stronger tumor-suppressive effects on ovarian cancer tissues.

Keywords: resveratrol, intraperitoneal administration, rat orthotopic ovarian cancer, apoptosis

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