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Efficacy and safety of delapril/indapamide compared to different ACE-inhibitor/hydrochlorothiazide combinations: a meta-analysis

Authors Circelli M, Nicolini G, Egan C, Cremonesi

Received 20 June 2012

Accepted for publication 12 July 2012

Published 29 August 2012 Volume 2012:5 Pages 725—734

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S35220

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Maria Circelli,1 Gabriele Nicolini,1 Colin G Egan,2 Giovanni Cremonesi1

1Chiesi Farmaceutici, Direzione Medica, Parma, Italy; 2Primula Multimedia, Pisa, Italy

Abstract: The main objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy of the combination of delapril and indapamide (D+I) to different angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) plus hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) combinations for the treatment of mild-to-moderate hypertension. A secondary objective was to examine the safety of these two combinations. Studies comparing the efficacy of D+I to ACEi+HCTZ combinations in hypertensive patients and published on computerized databases (1974–2010) were considered. Endpoints included percentage of normalized patients, of responders, change in diastolic and systolic blood pressure (DBP/SBP) at different time-points, percentage of adverse events (AEs), and percentage of withdrawal. Four head-to-head randomized controlled trials (D+I-treated, n = 643; ACEi+HCTZ-treated, n = 629) were included. Meta-analysis indicated that D+I-treated patients had a higher proportion with normalized blood pressure (P = 0.024) or responders (P = 0.002) compared to ACEi+HCTZ-treated patients. No difference was observed between treatments on absolute values of DBP and SBP at different time-points. Although the rate of patients reporting at least one AE was similar in both groups (10.4% versus 9.9%), events leading to study withdrawal were lower in the D+I group versus the ACEi+HCTZ group (2.3% versus 4.8%, respectively; P = 0.018). This meta-analysis suggests that treatment with D+I could provide a higher proportion of normalized or responder patients with good tolerability compared to ACEi+HCTZ combinations.

Keywords: meta-analysis, hypertension, ACE inhibitor, diuretic, delapril, indapamide

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