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Effects of four single nucleotide polymorphisms of EZH2 on cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Authors Ling Z, You Z, Hu L, Zhang L, Wang Y, Zhang M, Zhang G, Chen S, Xu B, Chen M

Received 27 November 2017

Accepted for publication 30 December 2017

Published 16 February 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 851—865

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S158173

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Carlos E Vigil


Zhixin Ling,1,2,* Zonghao You,1,2,* Ling Hu,3 Lei Zhang,1,2 Yiduo Wang,1,2 Minhao Zhang,1,2 Guangyuan Zhang,1,2 Shuqiu Chen,1,2 Bin Xu,1,2 Ming Chen1,2

1Department of Urology, Affiliated Zhongda Hospital of Southeast University, Nanjing, China; 2Surgical Research Center, Institute of Urology, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, China; 3Department of Nephrology, People’s Hospital of Wuxi City, Wuxi, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Although the relationship between several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the oncogene EZH2 and cancer risk has been assessed by some case–control studies, results of subsequent studies are controversial. Sample sizes from single-center studies are also limited, thereby providing unreliable findings. Hence, we conducted a comprehensive search and meta-analysis to evaluate the associations between EZH2 SNPs and cancer risk.
Materials and methods: A comprehensive literature search for studies focusing on EZH2 SNPs and cancer risk was conducted on PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure online databases. Genotype data were extracted and examined through a meta-analysis, and pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% CIs were used to assess the corresponding associations. Sensitivity analysis, publication bias assessment, and heterogeneity test were performed using STATA 12.0.
Results: Twelve eligible studies were included in this meta-analysis. The association of 4 SNPs, namely, rs887569, rs2302427, rs3757441, and rs41277434, in the EZH2 locus with cancer risk was evaluated. Five studies (1,794 cases and 1,878 controls) indicated that rs887569 was related to a decreased cancer risk (CTTT/CC: OR =0.849, 95% CI: [0.740 to 0.973], P=0.019; TT/CCCT: OR =0.793, 95% CI: [0.654 to 0.962], P=0.019). Seven studies (2,408 cases and 2,910 controls) showed that rs2302427 was linked to a decreased cancer risk (GG/CC: OR =0.562, 95% CI: [0.400 to 0.792], P=0.001; CGGG/CC: OR =0.856, 95% CI: [0.748 to 0.980], P=0.024; GG/CCCG: OR =0.733, 95% CI: [0.571 to 0.940], P=0.015). No relationships were observed between rs3757441 or rs41277434 and cancer risk.
Conclusion: rs887569 and rs2302427 in EZH2 may be correlated with a decreased cancer risk. Although rs3757441 and rs41277434 are independent risk factors of cancer, further large-scale and functional studies are warranted to validate our findings.

Keywords: EZH2, single nucleotide polymorphism, cancer risk, meta-analysis
 

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