Effects of community-based pulmonary rehabilitation in 33 municipalities in Denmark – results from the KOALA project
Received 10 October 2018
Accepted for publication 26 November 2018
Published 21 December 2018 Volume 2019:14 Pages 93—100
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Ms Justinn Cochran
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell
Nina Godtfredsen,1,2 Tina Brandt Sørensen,3 Marie Lavesen,4 Birthe Pors,5 Lone Sander Dalsgaard,6 Jens Dollerup,7 Ove Grann8
1Department of Respiratory Medicine, Amager and Hvidovre University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark; 2Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; 3Clinic of Pulmonary and Allergic Diseases, Horsens, Denmark; 4Department of Pulmonary and Infectious Diseases, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hillerød, Denmark; 5Municipality of Vejle, Vejle, Denmark; 6GlaxoSmithKline A/S, Brøndby, Denmark; 7Dollerup Medical Consultancy, Hornbæk, Denmark; 8Municipality of Aalborg, Aalborg, Denmark
Background: The positive impact of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in patients with COPD is well documented. However, little is known regarding the effect of this treatment in community-based settings. Since 2007, all Danish municipalities have been offering PR to patients with moderate to severe COPD, whereas patients with very severe disease or those suffering from many comorbidities were referred to outpatient hospital-based PR.
Objective: To analyze the effect of a standardized PR program conducted in a community-based setting on exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL).
Methods: This is a real-life study including data from patients attending PR at one of the 33 healthcare centers in Denmark during the period 2011–2012. For the purpose of registration and for quality assurance, the KOALA database was established and this web-based registration instrument was offered free of charge to every municipality. Measures included sociodemographic and health-related variables and outcomes were exercise capacity and HRQoL assessed by 6-minute walking distance (6MWD) and the 15D questionnaire, respectively, at the beginning (baseline) and after completion of PR. Relative improvements in 6MWD and 15D were analyzed with multivariable linear models in patients who attended >50% of the sessions.
Results: A total of 581 patients completed the PR (72% of those included). We found statistically significant and clinically meaningful differences between baseline and end of rehabilitation values for both main outcomes with a mean change in 6MWD of 45 m, and the magnitude of improvement corresponds to other findings. Furthermore, relative improvements in 6MWD and 15D were correlated, as was the relative change in 15D and baseline Medical Research Council scores.
Conclusion: Standardized, multidisciplinary PR conducted in a community-based setting showed good adherence to the program and produced effects on exercise capacity and HRQoL that were clinically meaningful and comparable in size to hospital-based PR.
Keywords: COPD, community-based, exercise capacity, pulmonary rehabilitation, quality of life
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