Effect of rosuvastatin on diabetic polyneuropathy: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase IIa study
Authors Hernández-Ojeda J, Román-Pintos LM, Rodríguez-Carrízalez AD, Troyo-Sanromán R, Cardona-Muñoz EG, Alatorre-Carranza MDP, Miranda-Díaz AG
Received 4 April 2014
Accepted for publication 20 May 2014
Published 4 September 2014 Volume 2014:7 Pages 401—407
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Jaime Hernández-Ojeda, Luis Miguel Román-Pintos, Adolfo Daniel Rodríguez-Carrízalez, Rogelio Troyo-Sanromán, Ernesto Germán Cardona-Muñoz, María del Pilar Alatorre-Carranza, Alejandra Guillermina Miranda-Díaz
Departamento de Fisiología, Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México
Background: Diabetic neuropathy affects 50%–66% of patients with diabetes mellitus. Oxidative stress generates nerve dysfunction by causing segmental demyelinization and axonal degeneration. Antioxidants are considered to be the only etiologic management for diabetic polyneuropathy, and statins such as rosuvastatin increase nitric oxide bioavailability and reduce lipid peroxidation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant effect of rosuvastatin in diabetic polyneuropathy.
Methods: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase IIa clinical trial in patients with type 2 diabetes and diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) stage ≥1b. We allocated subjects to two parallel groups (1:1) that received rosuvastatin 20 mg or placebo for 12 weeks. Primary outcomes were neuropathic symptom score, disability score, and nerve conduction studies, and secondary outcomes were glycemic control, lipid and hepatic profile, lipid peroxidation, and nerve growth factor beta (NGF-β) levels.
Results: Both groups were of similar age and duration since diagnosis of diabetes and DPN. We observed improvement of DPN in the rosuvastatin group from stage 2a (88.2%) to stage 1b (41.2%), improvement of neuropathic symptom score from 4.5±2 to 2.4±1.8, and significant (P=0.001) reductions of peroneal nerve conduction velocity (from 40.8±2.2 to 42.1±1.6 seconds) and lipid peroxidation (from 25.4±2 to 12.2±4.0 nmol/mL), with no significant change in glycemic control or β-NGF.
Conclusion: The severity, symptoms, and nerve conduction parameters of DPN improved after 12 weeks of treatment with rosuvastatin. These beneficial effects appear to be attributable to reductions in lipid peroxidation and oxidative stress.
Keywords: rosuvastatin, diabetic polyneuropathy, nerve conduction, oxidative stress, nerve growth factor beta
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