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Effect of preoperative loading dose ticagrelor and clopidogrel on no-reflow phenomenon during intervention in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Authors Dai W, Ye Z, Li L, Su Q

Received 13 February 2018

Accepted for publication 2 May 2018

Published 4 July 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 2039—2049

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/DDDT.S165431

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Anastasios Lymperopoulos


Weiran Dai, Ziliang Ye, Lang Li, Qiang Su

Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Guangxi Cardiovascular Institute, Nanning, Guangxi, China

Background: Previous studies have shown that ticagrelor is more effective than clopidogrel in platelet inhibition. However, this conclusion remains controversial. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis to assess the effect of preoperative loading dose ticagrelor and clopidogrel on no-reflow (NRF) during intervention in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI).
Materials and methods: Randomized controlled trials and observational studies were reviewed. The retrieval time was limited from inception to October 1, 2017. The retrieved databases included PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CBM, CNKI, the VIP database, and the Wang Fang database. RevMan 5.3 software was used for data analysis.
Results: Fourteen randomized controlled trials and one observational study, including 4,162 patients, were included. In these articles, 1,521 patients were in the ticagrelor group (180 mg) and 2,641 patients were in the clopidogrel group (600 mg). The meta-analysis showed that compared with clopidogrel group, preoperative loading dose ticagrelor: 1) significantly reduced the incidence of NRF during PPCI (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.15, 0.39, P<0.05) as well as the level of postoperative corrected thrombolysis in myocardial infarction frame count (95% CI: -8.89, -6.91, P<0.05); 2) significantly reduced the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events during hospitalization, including 30 and 180 days after PPCI (95% CI: 0.41, 0.82, P<0.05; 95% CI: 0.15, 0.46, P<0.05, respectively); and 3) significantly improved thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow after PPCI (95% CI: 1.40, 2.45, P<0.05). No significant difference was observed in terms of bleeding events within 30 and 180 days after PPCI (95% CI: 0.71, 1.54, P=0.82; 95% CI: 0.81, 3.19, P=0.18, respectively).
Conclusion: Compared with clopidogrel, loading dose ticagrelor effectively reduced both the occurrence of NRF during PPCI and the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular event in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing PPCI. Furthermore, it did not increase the risk of bleeding after PPCI.

Keywords: ticagrelor, clopidogrel, primary PCI, no-reflow, meta-analysis

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