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Effect of music intervention on the cognitive and depression status of senior apartment residents in Taiwan

Authors Tai S, Wang L, Yang Y

Received 10 February 2015

Accepted for publication 10 April 2015

Published 12 June 2015 Volume 2015:11 Pages 1449—1454

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S82572

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Professor Wai Kwong Tang

Shu-Yu Tai,1,2 Ling-Chun Wang,3 Yuan-Han Yang3–6

1Department of Family Medicine, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, 2Department of Family Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, 3Mentality Protection Center, Fo Guang Shan Compassion Foundation, 4Department of Neurology, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, 5Department of Master’s Program in Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, 6Department of Neurology, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan

Objective: To identify the effect of music intervention on cognitive function and depression status of residents in senior citizen apartments based on the existing evidence regarding music therapy.
Methods: An experimental study was conducted from November 2008 to December 2009. Sixty healthy senior apartment residents over 65 years of age were recruited and separated into two groups. According to their opinion, 41 took part in the music intervention group and 19 in the comparison group. The music intervention involved Buddhist hymns. The short-term effects were evaluated based on the measurement of cognitive function and depression level using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Geriatric Depression Scale-short form (GDS-SF) at the baseline, 1 month, and 4 months.
Results: The means of the initial and the 1-month MMSE and GDS-SF scores did not differ between the two groups. The 4-month MMSE score significantly declined compared with the initial level in the comparison group, whereas no significant change was observed in the experimental group. Moreover, the 4-month GDS-SF score significantly improved in both groups compared with the initial level.
Conclusion: Music intervention may postpone cognitive decline in healthy residents preferring Buddhist hymns in the senior citizen apartments in 4 months follow-up, and intense contact with participants may improve their mood status.

Keywords: music intervention, cognitive function, depression, senior apartment residents

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