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Effect of MRSA on CYP450: dynamic changes of cytokines, oxidative stress, and drug-metabolizing enzymes in mice infected with MRSA

Authors Tang HQ, Long NN, Lin L, Liu Y, Li JL, Sun FH, Guo LJ, Zhang F, Dai M

Received 12 October 2017

Accepted for publication 27 November 2017

Published 13 February 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 229—238

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S153871

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Suresh Antony

Huaqiao Tang,1,2,* Nana Long,1,2,* Lin Lin,1,2 Yao Liu,1 Jianlong Li,1,2 Fenghui Sun,1,2 Lijuan Guo,1,2 Fen Zhang,3 Min Dai1,2

1School of Laboratory Medicine, 2Laboratory of Veterinary Drug Residue Prevention and Control Technology of Animal-derived Food, 3School of Humanities and Information Management, Chengdu Medical College, Chengdu, Sichuan, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a very damaging and widespread pathogen, which is associated with many diseases and causes serious infections. MRSA infection can modulate the effects of drugs, which may occur through an influence on cytochrome P450 (CYP450), the drug-metabolizing enzyme in the liver. In this study, we evaluated the underlying mechanism of drug failure or poisoning in MRSA infection.
Materials and methods: Mice were infected with three different doses of MRSA and the changes in CYP450 expression, cytokines, and oxidative stress markers were evaluated.
Results: The administration of an attack dose of MRSA caused serious symptoms of infection and resulted in a 40% mortality rate in the mice. MRSA induced strong inflammation and oxidative stress in the mice, predominantly caused by significant increases in interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-4, IL-6, macrophage inflammatory protein, glutathione S-transferase (GST), and malondialdehyde, and decreases in oxygen radical absorbance capacity and glutathione levels in the liver. The expression of IL-2, tumor necrosis factor-α, and GST was briefly suppressed, but increased on days 3 and 7. The increased inflammation and oxidative stress further induced a significant decrease in the mRNA levels and activities of CYP450 1A2, 2D22, 2E1, and 3A1 in MRSA-infected mice within the first day of infection.
Conclusion: These results show that MRSA infection leads to inflammation and oxidative stress, and reduces the expression levels and activities of drug metabolism enzymes, which decreased drug metabolism in patients infected with MRSA. Therefore, to avoid a drug overdose, the plasma concentration of patients with MRSA infection should be continuously monitored.

Keywords: MRSA, infection, cytokines, oxidative stress, CYP450

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