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Effect of acetylsalicylic acid on thalassemia with pulmonary arterial hypertension

Authors Chueamuangphan N, Wongtheptien W, Patumanond J, Sukonthasarn A, Chuncharunee S, Tawichasri C, Nawarawong W

Received 23 July 2014

Accepted for publication 22 September 2014

Published 3 December 2014 Volume 2014:7 Pages 525—529

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S71644

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Nonlawan Chueamuangphan,1,2 Wattana Wongtheptian,2 Jayanton Patumanond,3 Apichard Sukonthasarn,4 Suporn Chuncharunee,5 Chamaiporn Tawichasri,6 Weerasak Nawarawong4

1Clinical Epidemiology Program, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; 2Department of Medicine, Chiang Rai Hospital, Chiang Rai, Thailand; 3Clinical Epidemiology Program, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand; 4Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; 5Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand; 6Clinical Epidemiology Society at Chiang Mai, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Objective: To compare pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) between thalassemic patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) for whom acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) was and was not prescribed after 1 year.
Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at the hematological outpatient clinic at Chiang Rai Hospital, Chiang Rai, Thailand. All new cases of thalassemia with PAH from January 2007 to January 2012 were studied at the first month and at 12 months. The patients were classified into two groups. In one group, ASA 81 mg daily was prescribed for 1 year, whereas in another group no ASA was prescribed, due to its contraindications, which included bleeding, gastrointestinal side effects, and thrombocytopenia. PASP, estimated by a Doppler echocardiography, was measured by the same cardiologist. Propensity score adjustment was used to control confounding variables by indication and contraindication. Multivariable regression analysis was used to evaluate the effects of ASA.
Results: Of the 63 thalassemia patients with PAH, there were 47 (74.6%) in the ASA group and 16 (25.4%) in the no ASA group. ASA, as compared with no ASA, did not significantly reduce PASP (adjusted difference -0.95; 95% confidence interval -16.99 to 15.10; P=0.906).
Conclusion: Low-dose ASA may not have a beneficial effect on PASP after 1 year of treatment of PAH in thalassemia.

Keywords: thalassemia, pulmonary arterial hypertension, acetylsalicylic acid

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