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Dynamic hyperinflation and dyspnea during the 6-minute walk test in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients

Authors Satake M, Shioya T, Uemura S, Takahashi H, Sugawara K, Kasai C, Kiyokawa N, Watanabe T, Sato S, Kawagoshi A

Received 3 September 2014

Accepted for publication 17 November 2014

Published 17 January 2015 Volume 2015:10(1) Pages 153—158

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S73717

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 5

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Masahiro Satake,1 Takanobu Shioya,1 Sachiko Uemura,1 Hitomi Takahashi,2 Keiyu Sugawara,2 Chikage Kasai,2 Noritaka Kiyokawa,2 Toru Watanabe,2 Sayaka Sato,2 Atsuyoshi Kawagoshi2

1Department of Physical Therapy, Akita University Graduate School of Health Sciences, Akita, Japan; 2Department of Rehabilitation, Akita City Hospital, Akita, Japan

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between dynamic hyperinflation and dyspnea and to clarify the characteristics of dyspnea during the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. Twenty-three subjects with stable moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (age 73.8±5.8 years, all male) took part in this study. During the 6MWT, ventilatory and gas exchange parameters were measured using a portable respiratory gas analysis system. Dyspnea and oxygen saturation were recorded at the end of every 2 minute period during the test. There was a significant decrease in inspiratory capacity during the 6MWT. This suggested that dynamic hyperinflation had occurred. Dyspnea showed a significant linear increase, and there was a significant negative correlation with inspiratory capacity. It was suggested that one of the reasons that dyspnea developed during the 6MWT was the dynamic hyperinflation. Even though the tidal volume increased little after 2 minutes, dyspnea increased linearly to the end of the 6MWT. These results suggest that the mechanisms generating dyspnea during the 6MWT were the sense of respiratory effort at an early stage and then the mismatch between central motor command output and respiratory system movement.

Keywords:
field walking test, chronic respiratory diseases, respiratory gas analysis, inspiratory capacity, IC, inspiratory reserve volume, IRV, Borg CR-10 scale, COPD

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