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Durability, safety, and efficacy of rilpivirine in clinical practice: results from the SCOLTA Project

Authors Bagella P, De Socio GVL, Ricci E, Menzaghi B, Martinelli C, Squillace N, Maggi P, Orofino G, Calza L, Carenzi L, Celesia BM, Penco G, Di Biagio A, Valsecchi L, Vichi F, Colombo V, Parruti G, Dentone C, Falasca K, Bonfanti P, Madeddu G

Received 19 September 2017

Accepted for publication 5 March 2018

Published 26 April 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 615—623


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Joachim Wink

Paola Bagella,1 Giuseppe VL De Socio,2 Elena Ricci,3 Barbara Menzaghi,4 Canio Martinelli,5 Nicola Squillace,6 Paolo Maggi,7 Giancarlo Orofino,8 Leonardo Calza,9 Laura Carenzi,3 Benedetto Maurizio Celesia,10 Giovanni Penco,11 Antonio Di Biagio,12 Laura Valsecchi,3 Francesca Vichi,13 Valeria Colombo,14 Giustino Parruti,15 Chiara Dentone,16 Katia Falasca,17 Paolo Bonfanti,18 Giordano Madeddu1

On behalf of the C.I.S.A.I. Study Group, Italy

1Unit of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medical, Surgical and Experimental Sciences, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy; 2Infectious Diseases Unit, Department of Medicine, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Perugia, Santa Maria Hospital, Perugia, Italy; 3Department of Infectious Diseases, ASST Fatebenefratelli Sacco, Milan, Italy; 4Unit of Infectious Diseases, ASST della Valle Olona, Busto Arsizio, Italy; 5Unit of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Careggi Hospital Florence, Florence, Italy; 6Infectious Diseases Unit, San Gerardo Hospital, University of Milano-Bicocca, Monza, Italy; 7Infectious Diseases Clinic, University of Bari, Policlinico Consorziale, Bari, Italy; 8Amedeo di Savoia Hospital Unit of Infectious Diseases, Torino, Italy; 9University of Bologna, Department of Infectious Diseases, S. Orsola Malpighi Hospital, Bologna, Italy; 10Unit of Infectious Diseases, Garibaldi Hospital, Catania, Italy; 11Infectious Diseases Unit, Galliera Hospital, Genoa, Italy; 12Unit of Infectious Diseases, IRCCS San Martino Hospital – IST, Genoa, Italy; 13Infectious Diseases Unit, Santa Maria Annunziata Hospital, Florence, Italy; 14Infectious Diseases Unit, University of Milan, DIBIC Luigi Sacco, Milan, Italy; 15Unit of Infectious Diseases, Pescara Hospital, Pescara, Italy; 16Unit of Infectious Diseases, Sanremo Hospital, Sanremo, Italy; 17Infectious Diseases Unit, University of Chieti, Chieti, Italy; 18Unit of Infectious Diseases, A. Manzoni Hospital, Lecco, Italy

Abstract: Rilpivirine is associated with a good efficacy and safety profile. However, data from real-life settings are scarce.
Methods: We investigated the durability, safety and efficacy of Rilpivirine-based antiretroviral therapy in a prospective, observational, multicenter study.
Results: We enrolled 499 HIV-infected patients, 360 (72.1%) males, mean age 43.4 ± 10.5 years, mean CD4 600 ± 327 cell/μL, mean HIV-RNA 3.80 ± 1.15 log10 cp/mL. After a median follow up of 16 months, 81 (16.2%) interruptions were reported, 36 (7.2%) of which for adverse events (16 of grade ≥3), most commonly neurological and gastrointestinal. We observed virological failures in only 8 (1.6%) patients. Naive patients showed a significant reduction in eGFR at week 24, 48 and 72 and in total cholesterol (TC)/HDL ratio at week 48 (p=0.007). In patients switching from PI we found a significant decrease at week 24 and 48 in TC and triglycerides at week 24, 48 and 72. eGFR showed a significant decrease at week 48 and 72. TC/HDL ratio showed a statistically significant decrease at week 24 (p=0.0008) and 72 (p=0.04). A significant increase at week 24 and 48 in AST and ALT values was observed. Patients switching from TDF/FTC/EFV showed a reduction in HDL, total cholesterol and triglycerides at week 24 and 48 and in eGFR at all follow up times. TC/HDL ratio showed a significant decrease at week 48 (p=0.01). CDC stage C and antiretroviral-experience (especially Protease Inhibitors) were associated with RPV discontinuation.
Conclusion: In conclusion, our data confirm Rilpivirine efficacy, safety and tolerability with improvement in lipid profile. Although hepatic and renal events rarely caused discontinuation, liver and kidney parameters should be monitored.

Keywords: HIV-1, combination antiretroviral therapy, NNRTI, cohort study, naive, experienced patients

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