Did the 2011 AAP recommendations on youth HIV testing change practice? Trends from a large urban adolescent program
Authors Seetharaman S, Samples CL, Trent M
Received 23 November 2016
Accepted for publication 27 January 2017
Published 26 April 2017 Volume 2017:9 Pages 95—100
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Lucy Goodman
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Bassel Sawaya
Sujatha Seetharaman,1 Cathryn L Samples,2 Maria Trent3
1Division of Adolescent Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, CA, 2Division of Adolescent Medicine, Boston Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 3Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is adherence to the October 2011 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations for HIV screening in a large urban adolescent program with availability of a publicly funded program providing free, confidential, sexually transmitted infection (STI) and HIV counseling and testing (then rapid or third generation HIV testing), nested in the same adolescent clinic.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of HIV screening trends among 13- to 24-year-old patients tested for HIV during periods of January 2010 to June 2011 (18 months pre-AAP recommendations period) and July 2011 to December 2012 (18-month period, which included 15 months after the AAP recommendations).
Results: During the period of January 2010 to June 2011, there were 22 tests/1,000 medical visits (N = 824 of 37,520 medical visits), and during the period of July 2011 to December 2012, there were 27 tests/1,000 medical visits (N = 1,068 of 38,763 medical visits) (p < 0.0001, odds ratio [OR] 1.26). The number of 13- to 18-year-old patients screened in the pre-AAP period was 150, compared to 297 in the second 18-month period (X2 = 43.3, df = 1, p < 0.0001). A summative risk profile score of 0–9 was created in the form of a continuous variable, with a risk score of 0 for those with no risk factor identified and 1 point for each risk behavior identified. The proportion of HIV test clients with zero-specified risk (a risk score of “0”) increased from 2010 to 2012.
Conclusion: Release of the 2011 AAP HIV testing guidelines was associated with a modest increase in HIV screening and a shift toward testing younger people and away from risk-based screening.
Keywords: adolescents, HIV screening, 2011 AAP HIV recommendations, risk-based HIV screening, HIV risk factors
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