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Diagnosis and Surgical Treatment and Pathological Findings of Solid Pseudopapillary Tumor of the Pancreas: A Single-Institution Experience

Authors Guo T, Wang L, Xie P, Zhang Z, Yu Y

Received 17 November 2019

Accepted for publication 14 January 2020

Published 23 January 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 581—588

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S238527

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo


Tong Guo, Lu Wang, Peng Xie, Zhiwei Zhang, Yahong Yu

Department of Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Affiliated Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, Hubei, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Yahong Yu
Department of Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Affiliated Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1095 Jiefang Avenue, Wuhan 430030, Hubei, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 13907190038
Email yuyahong615@sina.com

Purpose: To investigate the diagnosis, surgical treatment, and pathology of solid pseudopapillary tumors of the pancreas in our institution.
Patients and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the demographic details, clinical features, imaging findings, and pathological findings of 87 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of solid pseudopapillary tumors of the pancreas (SPTP) and underwent surgery in Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College, over a period of 8 years from 2011 to 2018.
Results: Our study involved a total of 87 patients (16 males and 71 females) with a mean age of 31.3± 13.1 years (range: 10– 61 years). The main compliant was abdominal pain or discomfort (n=49) and the median tumor size was 58.6± 31.7 mm (range: 16– 156mm). Tumors were located in the head (27 patients, 31%), the neck (13 patients, 15%), and the body and tail (47 patients, 54%). There were no significant differences between the patients in terms of sex, age, or tumor location. Partial pancreatectomy was performed in 79 patients, enucleation in six patients, and total pancreatectomy in two patients. R0 resection was achieved in 86 patients. The postoperative morbidity was 36.8%, and the main complication was pancreatic fistula. Pathological examination and immunohistochemical markers were used to provide a final diagnosis. The main follow-up period was 46 months (range: 13– 97 months). At the end of the follow-up period, 86 patients were alive and had not experienced recurrence; one patient was lost to follow-up.
Conclusion: The accurate diagnosis of SPTP is vital. Our data showed that surgical resection is safe and associated with low morbidity and mortality rates. Pathological findings can play an important role in diagnosis and long-term survival.

Keywords: solid pseudopapillary tumor, pancreas, diagnosis, surgical strategy

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