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Dexrazoxane for the treatment of chemotherapy-related side effects

Authors Langer S

Received 22 April 2014

Accepted for publication 17 July 2014

Published 15 September 2014 Volume 2014:6 Pages 357—363


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Seppo W Langer

Thoracic and Neuroendocrine Section, Department of Oncology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark

Abstract: For more than half a century, the different properties of dexrazoxane have captured the attention of scientists and clinicians. Presently, dexrazoxane is licensed in many parts of the world for two different indications: prevention of cardiotoxicity from anthracycline-based chemotherapy, and prevention of tissue injuries after extravasation of anthracyclines. This article reviews the historical, preclinical, and clinical background for the use of dexrazoxane for these indications.

Keywords: anthracyclines, cardiomyopathy, extravasation

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