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Degradability, bioactivity, and osteogenesis of biocomposite scaffolds of lithium-containing mesoporous bioglass and mPEG-PLGA-b-PLL copolymer

Authors Cai Y, Guo L, Shen H, An X, Jian H, Ji F, Niu Y

Received 15 February 2015

Accepted for publication 6 April 2015

Published 24 June 2015 Volume 2015:10(1) Pages 4125—4136

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S82945

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Lei Yang

Yanrong Cai,1 Lieping Guo,2 Hongxing Shen,2 Xiaofei An,2 Hong Jiang,3 Fang Ji,2 Yunfei Niu2

1The College of Basic Science of Medicine, Hunan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Changsha, 2Department of Orthopaedics, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, 3School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China

Abstract: Biocomposite scaffolds of lithium (Li)-containing mesoporous bioglass and monomethoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide)-poly(L-lysine) (mPEG-PLGA-b-PLL) copolymer were fabricated in this study. The results showed that the water absorption and degradability of Li-containing mesoporous bioglass/mPEG-PLGA-b-PLL composite (l-MBPC) scaffolds were obviously higher than Li-containing bioglass/mPEG-PLGA-b-PLL composite (l-BPC) scaffolds. Moreover, the apatite-formation ability of l-MBPC scaffolds was markedly enhanced as compared with l-BPC scaffolds, indicating that l-MBPC scaffolds containing mesoporous bioglass exhibited good bioactivity. The cell experimental results showed that cell attachment, proliferation, and alkaline phosphatase activity of MC3T3-E1 cells on l-MBPC scaffolds were remarkably improved as compared to l-BPC scaffolds. In animal experiments, the histological elevation results revealed that l-MBPC scaffolds significantly promoted new bone formation, indicating good osteogenesis. l-MBPC scaffolds with improved properties would be an excellent candidate for bone tissue repair.

Keywords: MBG, copolymer, degradability, bioactivity, osteogenesis, cell proliferation, bone repair

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