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Current Status Towards 90-90-90 UNAIDS Target and Factors Associated with HIV Viral Load Suppression in Kediri City, Indonesia

Authors Ssekalembe G, Isfandiari MA, Suprianto H

Received 16 September 2019

Accepted for publication 2 January 2020

Published 16 January 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 47—57


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Bassel Sawaya

Geofrey Ssekalembe, 1 Muhammad Atoillah Isfandiari, 1 Hendick Suprianto 2

1Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia; 2Dinas Kesehatan Kota Kediri, Kediri, Indonesia

Correspondence: Geofrey Ssekalembe
Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Mulyorejo, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia

Introduction: In 2016, UN Member States committed to reduce new HIV infections to fewer than 500,000 annually by 2020, a 75% reduction compared with 2010, reduce AIDS-related deaths to fewer than 500,000 globally as a means of ending AIDS by 2030. The UNAIDS 2020 target is to have 90% of the people living with HIV know their status, 90% of the people living with HIV (who know their HIV status as positive) are already on ART treatment, 90% of people on treatment are virally suppressed. The objective of this study is to determine the current status towards the 2020 90-9-90 UNAIDS target and the factors associated with HIV viral load suppression in Kediri city.
Methods: The study was a cross-sectional study in Kediri city. The researcher collected secondary data, carried in-depth interviews, then determined the percentage of HIV-positive patients that did a HIV test and received their results as Positive, the percentage of HIV-positive patients that started ART treatment, the percentage of HIV-positive patients that have viral load suppression from the viral load tests done. A simple bivariate logistic and multivariate logistic regression was used to determine the significant factors that determine viral suppression.
Results: The progress towards the 90-90-90 UNAIDS target was at 6.4%, 74.9%, 9.9%. The time taken by the HIV-positive patient to start ART treatment from the time of confirmation of HIV positive (AOR= 83.191, CI: 1.617– 4280.115) and decrease in body weight of the patient (AOR=29.636, CI: 1.193– 736.167) were found to significantly influence viral load suppression.
Conclusion: There is a need to scale up HIV case-detection capacity through creating awareness about HIV, HIV testing and counselling and expand the ART services so as to achieve the 90-0-90 UNAIDS target. Early initiation to ART treatment (Test and Treat) and encouraging body gaining behaviors are needed to achieve viral load suppression.

Keywords: AIDS, ART, HIV, suppression, viral, Kediri

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