Correlation between EGFR mutation status and response to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer
Authors Fang S, Wang Z, Guo J, Liu J, Li C, Liu L, Shi H, Liu L, Li H, Xie C, Zhang X, Sun W, Li M
Received 6 March 2014
Accepted for publication 28 April 2014
Published 1 July 2014 Volume 2014:7 Pages 1185—1193
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 4
Shu Fang,1 Zhehai Wang,2 Jun Guo,2 Jie Liu,2 Changzheng Li,2 Lin Liu,2 Huan Shi,2 Liyan Liu,2 Huihui Li,2 Chao Xie,2 Xia Zhang,2 Wenwen Sun,1 Minmin Li1
1School of Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Jinan-Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, 2Department of Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital, Jinan, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China
Background: The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations and the response to first-line chemotherapy in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Methods: A total of 266 patients with stage IIIB or IV NSCLC who received platinum-based doublet therapies as first-line chemotherapy were investigated retrospectively, and their clinical data were assessed according to EGFR mutation.
Results: EGFR mutations were identified in 45.5% of patients. There was no significant difference in response rate between EGFR mutation carriers and EGFR wild-type carriers (P=0.484). Among the patients with Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) wild-type, however, those with EGFR mutations responded better to treatment than EGFR wild-type patients (46.2% versus 20.8%, P=0.043). The disease control rate associated with pemetrexed-based treatments was higher than for vinorelbine-based therapies in EGFR mutation patients (P=0.001). EGFR mutation was found in patients with longer progression-free survival and median survival time, and improved 1-year and 2-year overall survival when compared with EGFR wild-type patients (6.1 versus 5.0 months, P=0.004; 18.9 versus 13.8 months, P=0.001; 81.0% versus 63.4%, P=0.002; and 33.9% versus 22.8% P=0.044, respectively). Patients with the EGFR exon 19 mutation had longer progression-free survival than those with EGFR exon 21 mutation (P=0.007). Multivariate analysis showed that the response to first-line chemotherapy and the presence of EGFR mutations were independent prognostic factors in patients with advanced NSCLC.
Conclusion: Our data showed that the presence of EGFR mutations meant longer survival times for patients with advanced NSCLC who received platinum-based doublet first-line chemotherapy, especially in those with the exon 19 deletion mutation. Among KRAS wild-type patients, those with EGFR mutation responded better to first-line chemotherapy than EGFR wild-type patients.
Keywords: non-small cell lung cancer, chemotherapeutic agents, epidermal growth factor receptor mutation, targeted therapy, prognosis
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