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Construct domain analysis of patient health-related quality of life: physical and mental trajectory profiles following open versus endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm

Authors Mouawad N, Leichtle S, Manchio J, Lampman R, Halloran B, Whitehouse Jr W

Received 23 September 2012

Accepted for publication 5 November 2012

Published 28 December 2012 Volume 2013:4 Pages 1—6

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PROM.S38437

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4


Nicolas J Mouawad, Stefan W Leichtle, Jeffrey V Manchio, Richard M Lampman, Brian G Halloran, Walter M Whitehouse Jr

Michigan Heart and Vascular Institute, Saint Joseph Mercy Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

Purpose: Many clinical trials comparing the outcomes of open surgical repair (OSR) versus endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) have been conducted, with varying results. Surprisingly, few outcomes studies have closely examined perceived physical and mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL) factors through a validated survey tool. The purpose of this prospective observational study was to describe the trajectory of HRQOL measures, from baseline to 1 year after surgery, in patients undergoing OSR or EVAR for AAA, and to explore for differences in physical and mental composite scores and their construct domains (subscales) using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36®) tool.
Patients and methods: Over an 18-month period, a small sample of patients undergoing elective AAA repair in a community hospital setting were prospectively enrolled. Fifteen patients undergoing OSR and twenty patients undergoing EVAR were studied. Physical and mental HRQOL parameters were assessed using the SF-36.
Results: No significant differences in demographic and clinical variables were found between the OSR and EVAR groups. In the multivariable linear models with repeated measures, both groups showed a significant decline in physical health composite scores 30 days after the surgical procedure (P < 0.01). However, although the OSR group showed a statistically significant decline in three of the four physical health domains, the EVAR group declined in only one physical health domain. Only the OSR group showed a significant decline in three of the four mental health domains at 30 days; however, the decline of these domains was not reflected in the group’s mental health composite scores. By 90 days after surgery, both groups were not significantly different from their baseline in physical or mental health composite scores, or in any of their respective physical health domains.
Conclusion: In this small sample of patients undergoing AAA repair, EVAR resulted in less physical and emotional decline than OSR in the early postoperative period. However, patients in both groups may return to near baseline status at 90 days.

Keywords: AAA, endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), open surgical repair (OSR), Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36®), health related quality of life (HRQ)

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