Comparison of tadalafil pharmacokinetics after administration of a new orodispersible film versus a film-coated tablet
Received 26 October 2017
Accepted for publication 5 January 2018
Published 20 April 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 935—942
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Georgios D. Panos
Sang-In Park,1,* Su-Hak Heo,2,3,* Gihwan Kim,2 Seokhoon Chang,2 Keon-Hyoung Song,3 Min-Gul Kim,4 Eun-Heui Jin,5 JaeWoo Kim,5 SeungHwan Lee,1 Jang Hee Hong5,6
1Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 2R&D Center, C.L. Pharm Co., Ltd, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 3Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering, College of Medical Science, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, Republic of Korea; 4Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Republic of Korea; 5Clinical Trials Center, Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon, Republic of Korea; 6Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Background: An orodispersible film (ODF) of tadalafil may provide increased convenience for erectile dysfunction (ED) patients as compared to conventional tablet formulations. In this study, we aimed to compare the pharmacokinetic, safety, and tolerability profiles of a newly developed ODF formulation of tadalafil to those of a film-coated tablet (FCT) of tadalafil.
Materials and methods: This study was conducted in healthy male subjects using an open-label, randomized sequence, two-period, two-formulation, single-dose, crossover design. The subjects were randomly assigned to one of two sequences of the two formulations: both the test drug (ODF) and the reference drug (FCT) contained 20 mg of tadalafil. Blood samples were collected up to 72 h after administration. Plasma concentrations of tadalafil were analyzed using liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. Geometric mean ratios (GMRs) of the ODF to FCT formulations and their 90% CIs for the pharmacokinetic parameters were estimated. Safety and tolerability were assessed throughout the study.
Results: Forty healthy male subjects were enrolled, and 36 of these completed the study. The GMRs (90% CIs) of the maximum plasma concentration and the area under the plasma concentration–time curve from time zero to the time of the last quantifiable concentration for tadalafil were 0.927 (0.882–0.974) and 0.972 (0.918–1.029), respectively. Both ODF and FCT formulations were well tolerated, and no clinically significant changes from the baseline were observed after dosing.
Conclusion: The pharmacokinetics of the tadalafil ODF formulation did not differ significantly from those of the FCT formulation. Furthermore, the safety and tolerability profiles of the ODF formulation were comparable to those of the FCT formulation. Therefore, this tadalafil ODF formulation offers a convenient treatment option for patients with erectile dysfunction.
Keywords: erectile dysfunction, orodispersible film, tadalafil, pharmacokinetics
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